(alkali). Can be of metabolic or respiratory nature. A person suffering acidosis is said to be an acidotic.

Acquired immunity Quick Reference: Form of immunity that is not innate.

Advanced Reference: Obtained during life and may be naturally or artificially acquired or passively induced.

ACTH Quick Reference: Abbreviation for adrenocorticotrophic hormone.

Advanced Reference: A secretion of the pituitary gland which has the function of stimulating the cortex of the adrenal gland to secrete cortisone.

Actrapid Quick Reference: Proprietary quick acting preparation of insulin.

Advanced Reference: Used to treat patients with diabetes mellitus.

Acute abdomen Quick Reference: The sudden severe onset of abdominal pain.

Advanced Reference: Referred to a potential medical emergency, indicating a potentially major problem with one of the abdominal organs, e.g. a ruptured appendix, inflamed gall bladder or ruptured spleen.

Adams apple Quick Reference: Thyroid cartilage.

Advanced Reference: Positioned at the anterior of the larynx and showing as a protrusion at the front of the neck, more prominent in men than women due to anatomical positioning.

Adduction Quick Reference: The opposite of abduction.

Advanced Reference: The movement of a limb into (towards) the mid-line of the body. Adduction would bring the legs together.

Adenosine Quick Reference: Endogenous nucleoside.

Advanced Reference: Drug used to treat supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and ascertain the nature of other tachycardias.

ADH Quick Reference: Antidiuretic hormone. Also known as vasopressin.

Advanced Reference: Released by the pituitary gland and promotes water re-absorption in the kidney tubules. Those suffering diabetes insipidus lack ADH. Is now used in the form of vasopressin as an alternative to adrenaline during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Adhesion Quick Reference: The joining or sticking together of two surfaces that are normally separated.

Advanced Reference: Adhesions can occur as a result of inflammation which causes fibrous tissue to form. For example, peritonitis can cause adhesions which may then lead to intestinal obstruction. Also may be due to previous surgery.

Adrenaline (Epinephrine) Quick Reference: A hormone secreted by the medulla of the adrenal gland.

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