Cp

Circumcision Quick Reference Removal of the foreskin of the penis. Advanced Reference Removal of a part of the foreskin (prepuce) is a better description. Carried out for both medical and religious cultural reasons. Medical reasons involve phimosis and paraphimosis. Cirrhosis Quick Reference (sir-o-sis) Disorder of the liver. Advanced reference Leads to the development of fibrous tissue in the organ with consequent scarring, hardening and loss of function. There are a number of causes, e.g....

Qqi

Advanced Reference Absence of sufficient cardiac output but displaying (near) normal electrical activity on the ECG. Can be due to pulmonary embolism, pneumothorax, hypovolaemia, hypercarbia, etc. Emesis Quick Reference (em-ee-sis) Medical term for vomiting. Advanced Reference Emesis can be coupled within further medical terminology, such as haematemesis. Relating to the vomiting of blood. An emetic is any substance that can induce vomiting. An anti-emetic is a drug administered to prevent...

N

Nerve block Quick Reference Indicates blocking nerve pathways to prevent pain. Advanced Reference Carried out using local anaesthetic (LA) agents. Examples are wound infiltration (following surgery), digital block (provides pain relief following surgery on toes and fingers), intercostal block (carried out for rib fractures or following surgery), femoral block (useful in patients with fractured neck of femur) or ankle block (following surgery). In addition to LAs for this purpose, electrical...

H

Headlight Quick Reference Operating light worn by the surgeon. Advanced Reference Popular with most specialities. Usually of fibre-optic design and attaches to a static light source. It is worn by the surgeon to supplement the operating lights and can focus on a particular area which might otherwise prevent illumination difficulties. Head-ring Quick Reference Patient head support used during surgery. Advanced Reference Made of sponge and covered with black rubber or as a clear gel version it is...

P

Packed red cells Quick Reference Intravenous (IV) blood product. Advanced Reference Also termed plasma-reduced blood. It is whole blood with a volume of plasma removed which is then used in the production of alternative blood products. Pallor Quick Reference Unusual paleness of the skin. Advanced Reference Caused by a reduced flow of blood or deficiency in normal pigments. Palmer Quick Reference Relating to the palm of the hand. Advanced Reference Also the palmer arches which indicates the...

B

Beta-blocker Quick Reference (beeta-blocker) Medications whose effect is to reduce the rate and force of the heartbeat. Advanced Reference Beta-blocker drugs oppose certain actions of the sympathetic nervous system in particular stimulation of the heart. Principally used to treat hypertension. Betadine Quick Reference (bet-a-deen) A skin preparation or a surgical scrub solution. Advanced Reference Betadine is a trade name for an iodine-based solution. Iodine is used to minimise the spread of...

O

Vecuronium Quick Reference (vec-you-roam-eum) A skeletal-muscle relaxant. Norcuron. Advanced Reference A non-depolarising muscle relaxant administered by injection under general anaesthesia (GA) during surgery. Has a duration of action of 20-30 minutes and little effect on the cardiovascular system. Does not produce histamine. Secreted in the bile but only to a minor degree through the kidneys so is suitable in cases of renal failure. Veins Quick Reference Blood vessels carrying deoxygenated...

Dextrosaline Quick Reference IV solution

Advanced Reference A mixture of 0.18 saline and 4.3 dextrose. This equates to 0.18 g of sodium and 4.3 g dextrose per 100 ml. DF118 Quick Reference Proprietary narcotic analgesic. Advanced Reference Used to treat moderate to severe pain. Available as tablets and elixir as well as in ampoules for injection as a controlled drug. A preparation of dihydrocodeine tartrate. Diabetes Quick Reference A somewhat general term but characterised by excessive urine excretion (polyuria). < Advanced...

Yyh

Advanced Reference Used with reference to the apex beat of the heart, located or felt at the level of the fifth left intercostals space in the mid-clavicular line. Apgar scale Quick Reference A scoring system used to assess the new born. Advanced Reference Involves assessment of pulse heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, grimace irritability and colour. Each is awarded a value (0,1,2) and total score indicates condition, maximum 10, below 9 requires attention and less than 6 indicates...

Fulguration Quick Reference Cautery

Advanced Reference The application of diathermy to destroy unwanted 7 areas of tissues, warts, growths, skin tags, etc. Full blood count Quick Reference FBC. Blood screening carried out to 2 ascertain (normal) state of a patient's blood. Advanced Reference Involves blood grouping, cross-matching J (X-matching), clotting times, haemoglobin (Hb) levels, urea and elec- trolytes (U& E), etc. a Fulminating Quick Reference Sudden. g Advanced Reference In reference to a disease or condition,...

Dab

Sedation Quick Reference The state of calming. Advanced Reference Involves the use of a sedative or tranquilliser, a drug which lessens excitement. Barbiturates and hypnotics are also used g See-saw breathing Quick Reference Also known as paradoxical breathing. Advanced Reference Seen in patients with airway obstruction. Upon observation, the chest falls as the abdomen rises when the patient attempts to breathe. Seldinger wire Quick Reference (sell-ding-er) Device used to assist blood vessel...