Ionizing Radiation

In addition to benzene, exposure to ionizing radiation is also considered an established risk factor for adult acute leukemia. Much of what we have learned about the effects of radiation on hematopoietic neoplasms comes from studies of atomic bomb survivors. In an evaluation of leukemia mortality among survivors of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, the highest risk for AML appears to be among individuals exposed to radiation aged 45 years or greater, while ALL risk appears higher in those exposed under the age of 30.134,135 Occupational exposure to ionizing radiation has also been explored with radium workers and early cohorts of radiologists demonstrating elevated risks of leukemia.108 Moreover, patients irradiated for benign conditions including menorrhagia, peptic ulcer, or ankylosing spondylitis have been reported to be at an increased risk of leukemia.136-139 Leukemia risk following radiation fallout from nuclear plants is less conclusive. Earlier studies reported excess risk among nuclear workers, but more recent studies have been inconsistent.108

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10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

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