156. Turhan AG, Humpheries RK, Phillips GL et al: Clonal hematopoiesis demonstrated by X-linked DNA polymorphism after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. N Engl J Med 320:1655, 1989.

157. Rajapaska R, Ginzton N, Rott LS, Greenberg PL. Altered oncoprotein expression and apoptosis in myelodysplastic syndrome marrow cells. Blood 88:4275, 1996.

158. Raza A, Mundle S, Shetty V et al: Novel insights into the biology of myelodysplastic syndromes: Excessive apoptosis and the role of cytokines. Int J Hematol 63:265, 1996.

159. Pedersen-Bjergaard J, Rowley JD: The balanced and unbalanced chromosome aberrations of acute myeloid leukemia may develop in different ways and may contribute differently to malignant transformation. Blood 83:2780, 1994.

160. Tuzuner N, Cox C, Rowe J, Bennett JM: Bone marrow cellularity in myeloid stem cell disorders: Impact of age correction. Leuk Res 18:559, 1994.

161. Bennett JM, Catovsky D, Daniel MT et al: Proposals for the classification of myelodysplastic syndrome. Br J Haematol 51:189,1982.

162. Heaney ML, Golde DW: Myelodysplasia. N Engl J Med 340:1649, 1999.

163. Greenberg P, Cox C, LeBeau MM et al: International Scoring System for evaluating prognosis in myelodysplastic syndromes. Blood 89:2079, 1997 (Erratum, Blood 91:1100).

164. Goasguen JE, Bennett JM: Classification and morphologic features of myelodysplastic syndromes. Semin Oncol 19:4, 1992.

165. Kouides PA, Bennett JM: Morphology and classification of myelodysplastic syndromes. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 6:485, 1992.

166. Bennett JM: The classification and management ofthe myelodys-plastic syndromes: Areas of controversy. Hematol Rev 7:189,1993.

167. Tricot G, Wolf-Peters CD, Vlietinck R et al: Bone marrow histology in myelodysplastic syndromes: II. Prognostic value ofabnor-mal localization of immature precursors in MDS. Br J Haematol 59:659, 1984.

168. Tricot GJ: Prognostic factors in myelodysplastic syndromes. Leuk Res 19:109, 1992.

169. Mangi MH, Mufti GJ: Primary myelodysplastic syndromes: Diagnostic and prognostic significance of immunohistochemical assessment of bone marrow biopsies. Blood 79:198, 1992.

170. Rosati S, Mick R, Xu F et al: Refractory cytopenia with multilin-eage dysplasia: Further characterization of an "unclassifiable" myelodysplastic syndrome. Leukemia 10:20, 1996.

171. Matsua A, Jinnai I, Yagasaki F et al: Refractory anemia with severe dysplasia: Clinical significance of morphological features in refractory anemia. Leukemia 12:482, 1998.

172. Balduini CL, Guarnone R, Pecci A, Centenera E, Ascari E: Multi-lineage dysplasia without increased blasts identifies a poor prognosis subset of myelodysplastic syndromes. Leukemia 12:1655, 1998.

173. Van den Berghe H, Cassiman JJ, David G et al: Distinct hemato-logical disorder with deletion of long arm of no.5 chromosome. Nature 251:437, 1974.

174. Boultwood J, Lewis S, Wainscoat JS: The -5q syndrome. Blood 84:3253, 1994.

175. Thide T, Engquist L, Billstrom R: Application of megakaryocyte morphology in diagnosis of-5q syndrome. Eur J Hematol 41:434, 1988.

176. Nand S, Godwin JE: Hypoplastic myelodysplastic syndrome. Cancer 62:958, 1988.

177. Maschek H, Kaloutsi V, Rodriguez-Kaiser M et al: Hypoplastic myelodysplastic syndrome: Incidence, morphology, cytogenetics amd prognosis. Ann Hematol 66:117, 1993.

178. Appelbaum FR, Barral J, Storb R et al: Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities in patients with otherwise typical aplastic anemia. Exp Hematol 15:1134, 1987.

179. Orazi A, Albitar M, Heerema NA et al: Hypocellular myelodys-plastic syndromes can be distinguished from acquired aplastic anemia by CD34 and PCNA immunostaining of bone marrow biopsy specimens. Am J Clin Pathol 107:268, 1997.

180. Yoshida Y, Oguma H, Maekawa T: Refractory myelodysplastic anemias with hypocellular marrow. J Clin Pathol 41:763, 1988.

181. Tuzuner N, Cox C, Rowe J, Bennett JM: Hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome. Br J Haematol 91:612, 1995.

182. Martiat P, Michaux JL, Rodhain J et al: Philadelphia negative (Ph-) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML): Comparison with Ph+ CML and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Blood 78:205,1991.

183. Bennett JM, Catovsky D, Daniel MT et al: Chronic myeloid leukemias: Guidelines for distinguishing chronic granulocytic, atypical chronic myeloid and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Proposals by the French-American-British group. Br J Haematol 87:176, 1994.

184. Hasle H, Arico M, Basso G et al: Myelodysplastic syndrome, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, and acute myeloid leukemia associated with complete or partial monosomy 7. Leukemia 13:376, 1999.

185. Neimeyer CM: Myelodysplastic syndrome in childhood. Leuk Res 23(Suppl. 1):S3, 1999.

186. Hassle H, Jacobsen BB, Pederson NT: Myelodysplastic syndromes in childhood: A population based study of nine cases. Br J Haematol 81:495, 1992.

187. Creutzig U, Ritter J, Vormoor J et al: Myelodysplasia and acute myelogenous leukemia in Down's syndrome. A report of 40 children of the AML-BFM Study group. Leukemia 10:1677, 1996.

188. Meunier BB, Mielot F, Tchernia G et al: Myelodysplastic syndromes in childhood: Report of 49 patients from French multicentre study. Br J Haematol 92:344, 1996.

189. Pedersen-Bjergaard J, Anderson MK, Christiansen D: Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplasia after highdose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation. Blood 95:3273, 2000.

190. Orazi A, Cattoretti G, Saligo D et al: Therapy related myelodys-plastic syndromes. FAB classification, bone marrow histology and immunohistology in the prognostic assessment. Leukemia 7:838, 1993.

191. Pedersen-Bjergaard J, Pedersen M, Roulston D, Philip P: Different genetic pathways in leukemogenesis for patients presenting with therapy-related myelodysplasia and therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia. Blood 86:3542, 1995.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment