Special situations

DNA mixtures

A simple mixture of two individuals may be evaluated by comparing sizes of the fluorescent peaks of the electropherogram (Clayton et al., 1998). Otherwise, the likelihood ratio can be used (Weir et al., 1997; Evett et al., 1991), calculations based on the fluorescent peak area (Evett et al., 1998) or evaluating PCR stutter (Gill et al., 1998; Ladd et al., 2001).

Complex settings

Special considerations need to be observed in sex-change (sex-reversal) individuals. In this case the AMEL genotype would be in disagreement with the phenotype. Also, in individuals who have had a bone marrow transplant (BMT), there would be atypical results, such as a DNA mixture.

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Stuttering Simple Techniques to Help Control Your Stutter

Stuttering Simple Techniques to Help Control Your Stutter

Discover Simple Techniques to Help Control Your Stutter. Stuttering is annoying and embarrassing. If you or a member of your family stutters, you already know the impact it can have on your everyday life. Stuttering interferes with communication, and can make social situations very difficult. It can even be harmful to your school or business life.

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