References

Allard, M.W., Polanskey, D., Miller, K., Wilson, M.R., Monson, K.L. and Budowle, B. (2005) Characterization of human control region sequences of the African American SWGDAM forensic mtDNA data set. Forensic Sci. Int. 148: 169-179.

Anderson, S., Bankier, A.T., Barrell, G., de Bruijn, M.H.L., Coulson, A.R., Drouin, J., Eperon, I.C., Nierlich, D.P., Roe, B.A., Sanger, F., Schreier, P.H., Smith, A.J.H., Staden, R. and Young, I.G. (1981) Sequence and organization of the human mitochondrial genome. Nature 290: 457-465.

Andrews, R.M., Kubacka, I., Chinnery, P.F., Lightowlers, R.N., Turnbull, D.M. and Howell, N. (1999) Reanalysis and revision of the Cambridge reference sequence for human mitochondrial DNA. Nat. Genet. 23: 147.

Brown, T.A., Cecconi, C., Tkachuk, A.N., Bustamante, C. and Clayton, D.A. (2006) Replication of mitochondrial DNA occurs by strand displacement with alternative light-strand origins, not via a strand-coupled mechanism. Genes Dev. 19: 24662476.

Budowle, B., Allard, M.W., Wilson, M.R. and Chakraborty, R. (2003) Forensic and mitochondrial DNA: application, debates, and foundations. Annu. Rev. Genom. Hum. Genet. 4: 119-141.

Budowle, B., Wilson, M.R., DiZinno, J.A., Stauffer, C., Fasano, M.A., Holland, M.M. and Monson, K.L. (1999) Mitochondrial DNA regions HVI and HVII population data. Forensic Sci. Int. 103: 23-35.

Butler, J.M. and Levin, B.C. (1998) Forensic applications of mitochondrial DNA. Trends Biotechnol. 16: 158-162.

Carracedo, A., Bär, W., Lincoln, P., Mayr, W., Morling, N., Olaisen, B., Schneider, P., Budowle, B., Brinkmann, B., Gill, P., Holland, M., Tully, G. and Wilson, M. (2000) DNA Commission of the International Society for Forensic Genetics: guidelines for mitochondrial DNA typing. Forensic Sci. Int. 110: 79-85.

Divne, A.M. and Allen, M. (2005) A DNA microarray system for forensic SNP analysis. Forensic Sci. Int. 154: 111-121.

Embley, T.M. and Martin, W. (2006) Eukaryotic evolution, changes and challenges. Nature 440: 623-630.

Giles, R.E., Blanc, H., Cann, H.M. and Wallace, D.C. (1980) Maternal inheritance of human mitochondrial DNA. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77: 6715-6719.

Gray, M.W., Burger, G. and Lang, B.F. (1999) Mitochondrial evolution. Science 283: 1476-1481.

Hall, T.A., Budowle, B., Jiang, Y., Blyn, L., Eshoo, M., Lowery, K.A.S., Sampath, R., Drader, J.J., Hannis, J.C., Harrell, P., Samant, V., White, N., Ecker, D.J. and Hofstadler, S.A. (2005) Base composition analysis of human mitochondrial DNA using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry: a novel tool for the identification and differentiation of humans. Anal. Biochem. 344: 53-69.

Hauswirth, W.W., Van de Walle, M.J., Laipis, P.J. and Olivo, P.D. (1984) Heterogeneous mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences in bovine tissue. Cell 37: 1001-1007.

Hayashi, J., Takemitsu, M., Goto, Y. and Nonaka, I. (1994) Human mitochondria and mitochondrial genome function as a single dynamic cellular unit. J. Cell Biol. 125: 43-50.

Hershko, A. and Ciechanover, A. (1998) The ubiquitin system. Annu. Rev. Biochem., 67: 425-479.

Holt, I.J., Harding, A.E., Petty, R.K.H. and Morgan-Hughes, J.A. (1990) A new mitochondrial disease associated with mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 46: 428-433.

Holland, M.M. and Parsons, T.J. (1999) Mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis -validation and use for forensic casework. Forensic Sci. Rev. 11: 21-50.

Kaneda, H., Hayashi, J., Takahama, S., Taya, C., Lindahl, K.F. and Yonekawa, H. (1995) Elimination of paternal mitochondrial DNA in intraspecific crosses during early mouse embryogenesis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92: 4542-4546.

Kocher, T.D., Thomas, W.K., Meyer, A., Edwards, S.V., Pääbo, S., Villablanca, F.X. and Wilson, A.C. (1989) Dynamics of mitochondrial DNA evolution in animals: amplification and sequencing with conserved primers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86: 6196-6200.

Lutz, S., Weisser, H.J., Heizmann, J. and Pollak, S. (1998) Location and frequency of polymorphic positions in the mtDNA control region of individuals from Germany. Int. J. Legal Med. 111: 67-77.

Matsuda, H., Seo, Y., Kakizaki, E., Kozawa, S., Muraoka, E. and Yukawa, N. (2005) Identification of DNA of human origin based on amplification of human-specific mitochondrial cytochrome b region. Forensic Sci. Int. 152: 109-114.

Meyer, S., Weiss, G. and Haeseler, A. (1999) Pattern of nucleotide substitution and rate heterogeneity in the hypervariable regions I and II of human mtDNA. Genetics 152: 1103-1110.

Michikawa, Y., Mazzucchelli, F., Bresolin, N., Scarlato, G. and Attardi, G. (1999) Aging-dependent large accumulation of point mutations in the human mtDNA control region for replication. Science 286: 774-779.

Moretti, T.R., Baumstark, A.L., Defenbaugh, D.A., Keys, K.M., Smerick, J.B. and Budowle, B. (2001) Validation of short tandem repeats (STRs) for forensic usage: performance testing of fluorescent multiplex STR systems and analysis of authentic and simulated forensic samples. J. Forensic Sci. 46: 647-660.

Nishimura, Y., Yoshinari, T., Naruse, K., Yamada, T., Sumi, K., Mitani, H., Higashi-yama, T. and Kuroiwa, T. (2006) Active digestion of sperm mitochondrial DNA in single living sperm revealed by optical tweezers. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103: 1382-1387.

Parson, W., Pegoraro, K., Niederstätter, H., Föger, M. and Steinlechner, M. (2000) Species identification by means of the cytochrome b gene. Int. J. Legal Med. 114: 23-28.

Parsons, T.J. and Coble, M.D. (2001) Increasing the forensic discrimination of mito-chondrial DNA testing through analysis of the entire mitochondrial DNA genome. Croat. Med. J. 42: 304-309.

Pinz, K.G. and Bogenhagen, D.F. (1998) Efficient repair of abasic sites in DNA by mitochondrial enzymes. Mol. Cell. Biol. 18: 1257-1265.

Quintans, B., Iglesias, Ä., Salas, A., Phillips, C., Lareu, M.V. and Carracedo, A. (2004) Typing of mitochondrial DNA coding region SNPs of forensic and anthropological interest using SnaPshot minisequencing. Forensic Sci. Int. 140: 251-257.

Sato, A., Nakada, K., Akimoto, M., Ishikawa, K., Ono, T., Shitara, H., Yonekawa, H. and Hayashi, J. (2005) Rare creation of recombinant mtDNA haplotypes in mammalian tissues. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102: 6057-6062.

Shuster, R.C., Rubenstein, A.J. and Wallace, D.C. (1988) Mitochondrial DNA in anucle-ate human blood cells. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 155: 1360-1365.

Sobrino, B., Brion, M. and Carracedo, A. (2005) SNPs in forensic genetics: a review on

SNP typing methodologies. Forensic Sci. Int. 154: 181-194. Stewart, J.E., Fisher, C.L., Aagaard, P.J., Wilson, M.R., Isenberg, A.R., Polanskey, D., Pokorak, E., DiZinno, J.A. and Budowle, B. (2001) Length variation in HV2 of the human mitochondrial DNA control region. J. Forensic Sci. 46: 862-870. Stoneking, M. (1994) Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution. J. Bioenerg. Biomem. 26: 251-259.

Stoneking, M. (2000) Hypervariable sites in the mtDNA control region are mutational hotspots. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67: 1029-1032. Stoneking, M., Hedgecock, D., Higuchi, R.G., Vigilant, L. and Erlich, H.A. (1991) Population variation of human mtDNA control region sequences detected by enzymatic amplification and sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 48: 370-382.

Taanman, J.W. (1999) The mitochondrial genome: structure, transcription, translation and replication. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1410: 103-123. Tully, L.A. and Levin, B.C. (2000) Human mitochondrial genetics. Biotechnol. Genet.

Eng. Rev. 17: 147-177. Umetsu, K. and Yuasa, I. (2005) Recent progress in mitochondrial DNA analysis. Legal Med. 7: 259-262.

Wilson, M.R., DiZinno, J.A., Polanskey, D., Replogle, J. and Budowle, B. (1995) Validation of mitochondrial DNA sequencing for forensic casework analysis. Int. J. Legal Med. 108: 68-74.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment