Endoscopy For Spinal And Other Procedures

Endoscopy has also been introduced in spinal surgery as a way to remove herniated spinal disks or fragments (24,25). The endoscopes and techniques are different from those for intracranial procedures, although the same principles apply—knowledge of anatomy, size of scope with regard to size of area of interest, bleeding, and visualization. The limiting factors are the size of the endoscopes and entry sites as well as adequacy of visualization/bleeding.

Endoscopy is also used in peripheral nerve surgery (26), although there are some controversies regarding its application for that condition.

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