D

Dangerous goods regulations (DGR), 227-228 Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, 382-383 decision analysis, 383 peer review, 384 testability, 383-384 error rate/standards, 384 general acceptance, 384-386 DDBJ (Japan), 126

Deletion/insertion polymorphism (DIP), 174 Dendograms, 240 Dengue fever virus, 48, 206 Department of Agriculture, 27 Department of Commerce, 230 Department of Defense, 12, 27

role in infectious disease, 32-33 Department of Energy, 12 Department of Health and Human Services

(HHS), 12, 27, 36 Department of Homeland Security (DHS), 11-12

role in infectious disease, 34 Department of Justice, role in infectious disease, 33 Department of State, role in infectious disease, 34-36 Department of Transportation (DOT), 228 DGR. See Dangerous goods regulations DHS. See Department of Homeland Security DIALIGN, 334

DIP. See Deletion/insertion polymorphism

Disease animal disease outbreaks investigation, 201-202

biocrime experience and, 208 crop disease outbreaks investigation,

202-203 definition, 109

DNA forensics of humans and bacteria,

356-357 document availability, 207 economic analysis, 206-207 environmental sampling, 203 epidemiologic analysis, 195-200 geographical distribution, 197-199 global information systems tools, 199 interviews, 199-200 with regard to person, animal, or crop affected, 196 epidemiologic investigation, 194 equipment delivery, 208 etiologic agents investigation, 228-229 evaluation of clinical findings, 200-201 of the etiologic agent, 205-206 of scientific literature, 207-208 global reporting systems, 191-192 investigation steps, 160t laboratory analysis, 204-205 mapping, 198 media reports, 207

meteorological and climatic conditions analysis, 206 natural versus deliberate, 187-190 outbreak investigation, 159, 194-195 plant epidemiology, 124 sample handling, 204 specimen collection, 203 specimen storage, 204 surveillance, 158, 190-191 suspicious outbreaks investigation,

187-212 transfer of biological agents, 229 transmission, 148-159, 158t of AIDS, 168-169 U.S. reporting systems, 192-194 DNA, 166

admissibility as evidence, 386-389 for detection and identification of fungi,

125-128, 126f engineered novel viruses, 92-93 as evidence, 7-8

forensics of humans and bacteria, 356-357 human mitochondrial, 388-389

DNA (continued)

for identification of bacterial pathogens,

99-102 pipeline diagram, 346/

tyP1^ 17 typing services, 386 viruses, 45-47 DOT. See Department of Transportation Dutch elm disease (Ophiostoma novo-ulmi), 123

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