White blood cells

A raised white cell count is extremely common in critical illness. Causes of changes in the differential count include:

Neutrophilia

Lymphocytosis

Eosinophilia

Bacterial infection

Brucellosis

Asthma

Trauma and surgery

Typhoid

Allergic conditions

Burns

Myasthenia gravis

Parasitaemia

Haemorrhage

Hyperthyroidism

Inflammation

Leukaemia

Steroid therapy

Leukaemia

Neutropenia

Lymphopenia

Viral infections

Steroid therapy

Brucellosis

SLE

Typhoid

Legionnaire's disease

Tuberculosis

AIDS

Sulphonamide treatment

Severe sepsis

Hypersplenism

Bone marrow failure

Barrier nursing may be used for neutropenia <1.0 x109/l.

Coping with Asthma

Coping with Asthma

If you suffer with asthma, you will no doubt be familiar with the uncomfortable sensations as your bronchial tubes begin to narrow and your muscles around them start to tighten. A sticky mucus known as phlegm begins to produce and increase within your bronchial tubes and you begin to wheeze, cough and struggle to breathe.

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