Urinalysis tests

Biochemical/metabo lic :

pH

dipstick

glucose

dipstick

ketones

dipstick

protein

dipstick, laboratory

bilirubin

dipstick

sodium, potassium

electrolyte analyser, laboratory

urea, creatinine, nitrogen

laboratory

osmolality

laboratory

specific gravity

bedside gravimeter, laboratory

myoglobin

laboratory, positive dipstick to blood

drugs, poisons

sent to Poisons Reference Laboratory

Ha ematological:

red blood cells

microscopy, positive dipstick to blood

haemoglobin

laboratory, positive dipstick to blood

neutrophils

dipstick, laboratory

Microbiological:

bacteriuria

microscopy, culture

TB

microscopy, culture (early morning specimens)

Legionnaire's disease

laboratory

Nephro-urological:

haematuria

microscopy

granular casts

microscopy

protein

laboratory

sodium, potassium

electrolyte analyser, laboratory

malignant cells

cytology

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