Complications of intubation Early complications

• Trauma, e.g. haemorrhage, mediastinal perforation

• Haemodynamic collapse, e.g. positive pressure ventilation, vasodilatation, arrhythmias or rapid correction of hypercapnia

• Tube malposition, e.g. failed intubation or endobronchial intubation

Later complications

• Infection including maxillary sinusitis if nasally intubated

• Cuff pressure trauma (avoid by maintaining cuff pressure <25cmH2O)

• Mouth/lip trauma

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