Causes of hypernatraemia




Low total body Na

Renal losses: diuretic excess, osmotic diuresis (glucose, urea, mannitol)

[Na + ] >20 mmol/l iso-or hypotonic

Extra-renal losses: excess sweating

[Na + ] <10 mmol/l hypertonic

Normal total body Na

Renal losses: diabetes insipidus

[Na + ] variable hypo-, iso- or hypertonic

Extra-renal losses: respiratory and renal insensible losses

[Na + ] variable hypertonic

Increased total body Na

Conn's syndrome, Cushing's syndrome, excess NaCl, hypertonic NaHCO3

[Na + ] >20 mmol/l iso-or hypertonic

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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