Young offenders and imprisonment

The history of criminal justice systems and how they deal with young offenders as well as adults demonstrates that the pendulum swings back and forth from a treatment-oriented social welfare perspective to a punishment approach.(76) According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989, it is unacceptable to imprison children. This convention is not implemented in practice but there are endeavours in many countries to find alternative treatment-oriented facilities to which to refer adolescents who offend. Simultaneously, and in sharp contrast, there is a trend in legal practice to increase the number and length of custodial sentences for serious young offenders. (7 78) This reflects the current public notion that young people should be dealt with as if they were not young and that retribution is the only purpose of the justice system, thus excluding the idea of rehabilitation or restorative juvenile justice.(79)

Break Free From Passive Aggression

Break Free From Passive Aggression

This guide is meant to be of use for anyone who is keen on developing a better understanding of PAB, to help/support concerned people to discover various methods for helping others, also, to serve passive aggressive people as a tool for self-help.

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