The objectrelations theory formulation of psychoanalytic treatment

In the light of contemporary object-relations theory, the formulation based upon the structural theory (resolution of unconscious conflicts between impulse and defence) has changed, in the sense that all unconscious conflicts are considered to be embedded in unconscious internalized object relations. Such internalized object relations determine both the nature of the defensive operations and of the impulses against which they are directed. These internalized object relations constitute, at the same time, the 'building blocks' of the tripartite structure of id, ego, and superego. Object-relations theory proposes that the gradual analysis of intersystemic conflicts between impulse and defence (structured into conflicts between ego, superego, and id) decomposes the tripartite structure into the constituent conflicting internalized object relations. These object relations are reactivated in the treatment situation in the form of an unconscious relation between self and significant others replicated in the relation between patient and analyst, i.e. the 'transference'.

The transference is the unconscious repetition in the 'here and now' of unconscious, conflicting pathogenic relationships from the past. The transference reflects the reactivation of the past conflict not in the form of a memory, but in the form of a repetition. This repetition provides essential information about the past, but constitutes, at the same time, a defence in the sense that the patient repeats instead of remembering. Therefore transference has important informative features that need to be facilitated in their development, and defensive features that need to be therapeutically resolved once their nature has been clarified. Transference analysis is the fundamental ingredient of psychoanalytic treatment.

Funny Wiring Autism

Funny Wiring Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood and affects the functioning of the brain, primarily in the areas of social interaction and communication. Children with autism look like other children but do not play or behave like other children. They must struggle daily to cope and connect with the world around them.

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