Singlecase designs

Clinical evaluation of the effects of psychotherapy dates back to Freud's descriptions of individual cases in treatment. However, methods to systematically examine the effects of interventions with individual patients were developed by behaviour therapists. (1J) These single-case experiments rely on comparing patient responses to differing experimental conditions over time. Typically, such single-case studies begin with an extended baseline period where patient behaviour or symptoms are recorded without any intervention. Then, different intervention phases are introduced, usually followed by more baseline (no intervention) assessment phases.

While experimental, single-case designs lend themselves well to the investigation of behavioural treatments that include a focus on immediate overt behaviour, such designs have rarely been employed with other verbal psychotherapies that emphasize longer term processes such as patient psychological growth and functioning. The generalizability of findings from single-case research is another limitation to this form of research.

Break Free From Passive Aggression

Break Free From Passive Aggression

This guide is meant to be of use for anyone who is keen on developing a better understanding of PAB, to help/support concerned people to discover various methods for helping others, also, to serve passive aggressive people as a tool for self-help.

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