Singlecase designs

Clinical evaluation of the effects of psychotherapy dates back to Freud's descriptions of individual cases in treatment. However, methods to systematically examine the effects of interventions with individual patients were developed by behaviour therapists. (1J) These single-case experiments rely on comparing patient responses to differing experimental conditions over time. Typically, such single-case studies begin with an extended baseline period where patient behaviour or symptoms are recorded without any intervention. Then, different intervention phases are introduced, usually followed by more baseline (no intervention) assessment phases.

While experimental, single-case designs lend themselves well to the investigation of behavioural treatments that include a focus on immediate overt behaviour, such designs have rarely been employed with other verbal psychotherapies that emphasize longer term processes such as patient psychological growth and functioning. The generalizability of findings from single-case research is another limitation to this form of research.

Funny Wiring Autism

Funny Wiring Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood and affects the functioning of the brain, primarily in the areas of social interaction and communication. Children with autism look like other children but do not play or behave like other children. They must struggle daily to cope and connect with the world around them.

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