Regret after sterilization

A small minority are troubled by frigidity or severe regret. The most concrete evidence of this is a request for reversal, several studies of which have been published. Regret is more common in the following groups of women.

• Younger women or those with fewer children: in a unique study of the sterilization of childless women, Ekblad (7) interviewed 60 women some 5 to 11 years after the operation. None was so depressed by the operation that they required psychiatric admission, but 16 were seriously distressed and 29 expressed a longing for children of their own.

• Those in whom sterilization was the condition for a termination: this barbaric and punitive practice used to be the rule in some countries.

• Those sterilized at parturition: it is often difficult to make a balanced judgement at this moment of transition.

• Those under external pressure.

• Those who are mentally retarded: sterilization has been practised in various countries at certain times in their history. It remains a controversial issue, and one that is becoming more important. Until recently, many with an IQ score of less than 60 were cared for in institutions, remaining under strict supervision. With the closure of these hospitals and the greater tolerance of sexual activity outside marriage, there is an increased risk of pregnancy in women with severe mental retardation, with the spectre of inherited disorders and problems in mothering. Yet these women greatly desire children, and do not have the same resources to compensate for their lack.

• Those sterilized for medical reasons such as inherited disorders: medical advances (e.g. amniocentesis) have sometimes provided an alternative solution to sterilization.

• Those sterilized in the course of a psychiatric illness: this often impairs judgement and, after recovery, decisions may be regretted.

• Those who seek sterilization in a context of marital disharmony: in studies of women seeking reversal, many cited poor marital relations as a factor in their decision; when these marriages came to an end, the wife was free to remarry and sought reversal of the sterilization.

• Those with religious scruples.

Break Free From Passive Aggression

Break Free From Passive Aggression

This guide is meant to be of use for anyone who is keen on developing a better understanding of PAB, to help/support concerned people to discover various methods for helping others, also, to serve passive aggressive people as a tool for self-help.

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