From a practical point of view there are three groups of conditions for which efficient preventive action has been documented.
1. Mental disorders with known aetiology: this mostly includes those disorders demonstrated to have an organic basis, ranging from the 'historical' general paresis and dementing disorders (e.g. vascular dementia, pellagra, and dementias associated with infectious and parasitic diseases such as malaria and HIV infection) to several forms of mental retardation (Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, phenylketonuria, and mental retardation due to iodine deficiency).
2. Mental disorders without a well-established aetiology but with a relatively predictable course: these are chronic disorders with a recurrent relapsing fluctuating pattern, such as schizophrenia, mood disorders (unipolar and bipolar), and alcohol dependence syndrome.
3. Psychosocial problems strongly associated with mental disorders: these range from violence (domestic and other) to suicide and staff burnout.
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Alcoholism is something that can't be formed in easy terms. Alcoholism as a whole refers to the circumstance whereby there's an obsession in man to keep ingesting beverages with alcohol content which is injurious to health. The circumstance of alcoholism doesn't let the person addicted have any command over ingestion despite being cognizant of the damaging consequences ensuing from it.