Memory is a complex set of processes whereby the person registers, stores, and retrieves information within different modalities (e.g. verbal memory versus spatial memory) and across different time periods (e.g. primary or shorter-term memory versus secondary or longer-term memory or learning). Therefore, as with intelligence, various batteries have evolved with subtests that tap these various aspects. Two examples of batteries are the Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition (!6) for adults and the Children's Memory Scale,(17) which are both summarized in Iable.7. Another battery, which makes a special effort to reflect real life tasks, is the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test,(l8) which also has a child's version.(19)
Sometimes inevitable time constraints make it difficult to justify giving whole memory batteries. Often, just a few key subtests are selected, or other individual tests may be given. For example, to gauge verbal learning the Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning Test is well researched, (20) a well-researched test of visual memory is the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test;(2 22) and a useful forced-choice recognition tests for words and faces is the Recognition Memory Test.(23) If the ability of the patient to recall details of his or her past life is an issue, the Autobiographical Memory Interview can be used. (24>
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