Contemporaneously with Kraepelin and Freud, Karl Jaspers wrote General Psychopathology,(!9 which emphasized the importance of unbiased extensive clinical description of psychopathological states. Jaspers argued that such clinical data needed to be gathered neutrally, free of underlying theories, like Freud's, and free of specific diagnostic paradigms, like Kraepelin's. Jaspers' influence led to more careful description of mood syndromes, as exemplified in the highly influential textbook Fish's Clinical Psychopathology}14) and Max Hamilton's Depression Rating Scale, still in common use today. Jaspers' theoretical work still continues to provide important insights into the conceptual bases of psychiatry.
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