Jungs contributions to psychotherapy

Jung's contributions to psychiatry and psychotherapy were both practical and theoretical. Unlike Freud, he preferred a face-to-face encounter with the patient, and did not employ a couch. He did not insist on seeing his patients five times a week, and, after an initial period of perhaps four meetings a week, reduced the frequency to two or three. In addition, he thought that there should be 'holidays' from analysis in which patients could work on their problems alone.

Jung introduced a technique which became known as 'active imagination,' in which the patient was instructed to suspend judgement and enter a state of reverie. Whatever phantasies then occurred were to be written down, painted, sculpted, or recorded in any fashion preferred by the patient. Whereas Freud regarded phantasy as an escape from reality, Jung held it in high regard, and referred to his technique as 'developing the creative possibilities latent in the patient himself'. (4> Although Jung specifically forbade his patients to regard their phantasy productions as works of art, he was in fact inducing the state of mind which most writers and composers describe as the one in which new creative ideas occur to them. Jung's initiative is largely responsible for the widespread development of departments of art therapy in mental hospitals.

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