Introduction

It was argued earlier (Ch.ap.t§L4.14„:1) that sleep disorders medicine should be viewed as an integral part of psychiatry, whatever the age group of patients, because of the various close connections between sleep disturbance and psychological disorders seen in clinical practice. This is certainly the case regarding child and adolescent psychiatry in view of the high rates of psychiatric disorder, of which sleep disturbance is often a part, and also the frequent occurrence of sleep disorders in young people with potentially serious developmental effects including those of a psychological and social nature. The temptation to view children's sleep disorders as merely transitory problems, encountered by many parents and of no lasting or serious significance, should be resisted. This may be true for some families but is frequently not the case in others.

The following account summarizes sleep disorders in childhood and adolescence. Familiarity is assumed with the earlier accounts of sleep disorders in adults, including the introduction to that section which covers basic aspects of sleep and other fundamental issues. More detailed information can be found in Ferber and Kryger^) and Stores^) and the additional references quoted in the text. Sleep problems in preschool children are discussed in the Chapter.9.2.8.

Funny Wiring Autism

Funny Wiring Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood and affects the functioning of the brain, primarily in the areas of social interaction and communication. Children with autism look like other children but do not play or behave like other children. They must struggle daily to cope and connect with the world around them.

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