Introduction Basic assumptions

The term psychodynamic psychotherapy has no specific referrent. It denotes a very heterogeneous range of psychological treatment approaches which arguably have in common an intellectual heritage of psychoanalytic theory. Psychoanalytic theory itself is no longer based on a unitary body of ideas. (1) Notwithstanding the range of conceptualizations for this form of treatment, a number of ideas stand out as core to the psychoanalytic psychodynamic approach.

1. Intrapsychic conflict is an all-pervasive aspect of human experience.(2)

2. The mind is organized to avoid unpleasure arising out of conflict and to maximize the subjective sense of safety. (3)

3. Defensive strategies are adopted to manipulate ideas and experience in order to minimize unpleasure. (4)

4. Psychological disturbance arises developmentally; an adaptation that was rational and reasonable at an earlier developmental phase leaves residues that cause maladjustment in adulthood.(5)

5. Social experience is organized into relationship representations—self and others are depicted in specific interactions charged by powerful emotional content. (6)

6. These relationship representations inevitably re-emerge in the course of psychoanalytic treatment. (1)

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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