The main sleep problem in the first 3 years of life is getting the child to go to sleep, stay asleep, and not disturb the parents when he or she wakes in the night. These very common problems and their treatment are discussed in the Chapter..i9..2.8. Depending on the child's age, causes include temperamental factors, inappropriate night-time feeding patterns, colic and other medical factors, unhelpful sleep onset associations, inadequate limit setting, and emotional stress at night. Treatment of a behavioural type is usually very successful.
From the age of about 3 years a common sleep-related complaint is unusual behaviour at night which disrupts sleep and may be construed by parents as a form of sleeplessness. This will be considered later under the parasomnias.
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