History

The behavioural phenomenon of transsexualism of gender identity disorder is ancient. It has been recorded for centuries and in a broad range for cultures. (1) The behavioural picture is comparable to that seen clinically in the second half of the twentieth century.

In the first half of the twentieth century medical reports of sex reassignment surgery were described in Europe, primarily in Switzerland. (2) Additionally, in the 1930s a wide-selling biography Man into Woman was published describing a Dutch painter who underwent a series of surgical sex reassignment procedures. (3) Contemporary interest in transsexualism surged in 1952 when George Jorgensen, an American soldier serving in Denmark, remained there after his tour of duty and underwent hormonal and surgical treatment to become Christine Jorgensen.(4) The resultant international publicity yielded hundreds of people worldwide applying to the Danish doctors for similar treatment/5.) It also brought forth thousands of people in many countries requesting that doctors there perform sex change surgery.

By the mid-1960s there were surgeons scattered worldwide who were performing sex reassignment. Then in the United States at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and the University of Minnesota Hospitals and in the United Kingdom at the Charing Cross Hospital comprehensive sex reassignment programmes commenced. Extensive publicity was given to the Johns Hopkins programme as initially reported in the New York Times in 1966. It described the rationale for the programme and in the words of its Director, 'if the mind cannot be changed to fit the body, then perhaps we should consider changing the body to fit the mind'. (6)

In 1966 the first professional text on transsexualism was written by Harry Benjamin, widely acknowledged as the 'father of transsexualism'.(7) In 1969 the first interdisciplinary text was edited by Green and Money.(6) During the past 30 years the recognition of transsexualism or gender identity disorder as a treatable condition requiring psychiatric, endocrine, and surgical intervention has been accepted.

Funny Wiring Autism

Funny Wiring Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood and affects the functioning of the brain, primarily in the areas of social interaction and communication. Children with autism look like other children but do not play or behave like other children. They must struggle daily to cope and connect with the world around them.

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