General government policies

In order to achieve these goals, the government sectors which are able to influence mental health include health, social welfare, employment, trade and industry, education (both schools and higher education institutions), home affairs, police, prisons and criminal justice agencies, environment and housing, and finance. (4) The settings for action include workplaces, schools, prisons, cities, rural areas, health services, and social services. Other agencies with an interest in mental health include private business, insurance companies, private health-care companies, the pharmaceutical industry, business generally, especially employers' organizations, places of worship and organized religion including national and local religious leaders, religious social and health-care institutions (which in some countries form the backbone of the health-care provision), organizations concerned with poverty, youth, old age, human rights, and other relevant issues, the voluntary sector, and user and carer groups.

Governments need to ensure that all relevant agencies are aware of the importance of mental health for its population, that they are aware of the influence that their activities can have on mental health, and that appropriate co-ordination between relevant agencies takes place. (5) This co-ordination is often in place for action on alcohol and drugs, and for HIV and AIDS programmes, but is rarely in place for mental health programmes, despite mental illness forming the greater burden across the population.

mental health services.'9,) Rates of illness are higher in the unemployed than in people at work. (19

There is evidence from longitudinal studies that unemployment, actual redundancy itself, and the threat of redundancy (1,12.) causes mental illness, although it is also true that people who are already ill are more likely to become either voluntarily or involuntarily unemployed. (!3>

Workplaces are also a key environment for mental health promotion as well as physical health promotion. Employers bear the cost of the consequences of untreated mental illness in terms of sickness absence, labour turnover, accidents, and poor performance.(1. 14> Employers should therefore be encouraged to include mental health in their workplace health policies, 'l,5' as well as drugs, alcohol, and HIV and AIDS.'1 17)

The Ministry of Employment, Trade, and Industry therefore needs to consider environmental conditions at work; access to employment for all, including sheltered employment for those who need it; opportunities for employment rehabilitation; the introduction of workplace mental health policies; and the provision of occupational health for the work-force in order to support a successful economy and to make an appropriate contribution to the prevention of discrimination against people with mental illness.

Funny Wiring Autism

Funny Wiring Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood and affects the functioning of the brain, primarily in the areas of social interaction and communication. Children with autism look like other children but do not play or behave like other children. They must struggle daily to cope and connect with the world around them.

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