Gender differences

One issue not considered so far concerns gender. Most research on depression using the Life Events and Difficulties Schedule has dealt with women, although in the original Camberwell enquiry a small series of men gave similar results, as did a subsequent population enquiry. (59> However, recent research has gone further to suggest that the well-recognized greater risk of a depressive onset among women may well relate to their greater sensitivity to severe events involving their role as mothers. In a study of couples experiencing a severe event in common, women were twice as likely to develop a depressive episode following events involving procreation, children, and housing; for other events, risk was much the same. (60) While this research requires replication, it does support the increasingly held opinion that the large gender difference in the experience of 'neurotic' depression is likely to have an essentially psychosocial explanation. (61)

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