Direct evidence

Pioneering work on the hypothalamus has been noted as providing direct evidence of neural modulation of immunity. (!2> Hypothalamic neurones fire in spatial and sequential ways after antigen administration, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is activated by antigen and proinflammatory cytokines in a stress-like way. Immune organs, including thymus, spleen, and bone marrow, receive sympathetic innervation with synapse-like junctions between nerve endings and immunocytes. Immunity is regulated in a cerebrocortical laterally specific way, with the left cortex influencing T-cell maturation and function.

Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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