Developmental issues

Ambivalence is considered to be a core conflict of passive-aggressive personalities, which originates from fixation to the biting or sucking stages of the oral phase of psychosexual development. Some authors consider masochism to be another precursor of the passive-aggressive personality. Suffering arises when the individual obstructs the movement and attainment of goals in others and then experiences overwhelming unconsious guilt.(62) Masochistic tendencies observed in the passive-aggressive personality may cause self-defeating life attitudes and frequent depressive episodes.

Break Free From Passive Aggression

Break Free From Passive Aggression

This guide is meant to be of use for anyone who is keen on developing a better understanding of PAB, to help/support concerned people to discover various methods for helping others, also, to serve passive aggressive people as a tool for self-help.

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