Phobia-specific irrational thoughts may contribute to the development of the phobia, maintain avoidance behaviour, and contribute to physiological symptoms. (1.3Z) Cognitive restructuring treatments help patients to monitor irrational thoughts and change underlying beliefs, so that they are better able to enter feared situations. When combined with exposure to feared stimuli, cognitive restructuring has been demonstrated as effective. (!38) However, there are relatively few studies of cognitively oriented treatments for specific phobia.
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