Clinical features

Clinical features of personality disorders and details of their classification are reviewed in Chapte^,.4,12,2. and Ch.a.pteI,4.,!2.,3. However, there is difficulty in simply relating these criteria, which were developed for younger individuals, to the elderly. Typical diagnostic behaviours that clinicians associate with personality disorders in younger adults may present as different behaviours in the elderly. This may lead clinicians to overlook personality traits and disorders in older individuals. For example, a criterion of antisocial personality disorder is the repeated failure to sustain consistent work, a behaviour not applicable to the older retired individual. Yet it is possible that the personality trait of irresponsibility, which may have led to the loss of jobs earlier in life, continues, now appearing as a behaviour such as medicine non-compliance. Some authors have thus argued that the clinical features for some personality disorders are age-biased since certain behaviours are less likely to occur in elderly persons despite the persistence of personality traits. (23)

Funny Wiring Autism

Funny Wiring Autism

Autism is a developmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood and affects the functioning of the brain, primarily in the areas of social interaction and communication. Children with autism look like other children but do not play or behave like other children. They must struggle daily to cope and connect with the world around them.

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