Chapter References

1. Vogel, F: and Motulsky, A.G. (1996). Human genetics: problems and approaches (3rd edn). Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

2. Volpe, J.J: (1995): Neurology of the newborn (3rd edn). W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

3. Badawi, N., Kurinczuk, J.J., Keogh, J.M., et al. (1998). Intrapartum risk factors for newborn encephalopathy: the Western Australian case-control study. British Medical Journal, 317, 1554-8.

4. McLaren, J. and Bryson, S.E. (1987). Review of recent epidemiological studies of mental retardation. American Journal of Mental Retardation, 92, 243-54.

5. Iivanainen, M. (1985). Brain developmental disorders leading to mental retardation. Modern principles of diagnosis. C.C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.

6. Hodapp, R.M: (1998). Development and disabilities: intellectual, sensor and motor impairments. Cambridge University Press.

7. Burack, J.A., Hodapp, R.M., and Zigler, E. (ed.) (1998). Handbook of mental retardation and development. Cambridge University Press.

8. Linna, S.-L. (1989). Prevalence, aetiology, associated handicaps and self care ability in 5-19-year-old severely mentally retarded. University of Oulu.

9. Matilainen, R., Airaksinen, E., Mononen, T., Launiala, K. and Kaariainen, R.A. (1995). A population-based study on the causes of mild and severe mental retardation. Acta Paediatrica, 84, 261-6:

10. Hodgson, S.V. (1998). The genetics of learning disabilities. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 40, 137-40.

11. Hou, J.-W:, Wang, T.-R., and Chuang, S.-M. (1998). An epidemiological study of children with intellectual disability in Taiwan. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 42, 137-43.

12. Roeleveld, N., Zielhuis, G.A., and Gabreels, F. (1997). The prevalence of mental retardation: a critical review of recent literature. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 39, 125-32.

13. Yannet, H. (1945). Diagnostic classification of patients with mental deficiency. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 70, 83-8.

14. Heber, R. (1959). A manual on terminology and classification in mental retardation. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 64 (Supplement 2), 1-111.

15. Crocker, A.C. (1989). The causes of mental retardation. Pediatric Annals, 10, 623-35.

16. American Association on Mental Retardation (1992). Mental retardation: definition, classification, and systems of supports (9th edn). American Association on Mental Retardation, Washington, DC.

17. Wilska, M. and Kaski, M. (1999). Aetiology of mental retardation—the Finnish classification. Development of a method to incorporate WHO/ICD-10 coding. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 43, 242-50.

18. McKusick, V.A. (ed.) (1998). Mendelian inheritance in man. A catalog of human genes and genetic disorders (12th edn). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.

19. Shaw, D.J. (ed.) (1995). Molecular genetics of human inherited diseases. Wiley, Chichester.

20. Read, A.P. and Strachan, T. (1997). Human molecular genetics. Wiley, Chichester.

21. Howell, N. (1999). Human mitochondrial diseases: answering questions and questioning answers. International Review of Cytology, 186, 49-116.

22. Peltonen, L. (1997). Molecular background of the Finnish disease heritage. Annals of Medicine, 29, 553-6.

23. Scriver, C.R., Beaudet, A.L., Sly, W.S., and Valle, D. (ed.) (1995). The metabolic and molecular base of inherited disease (7th edn). McGraw-Hill, New York.

24. Stevenson, D.K. and Sunshine, P. (ed.) (1997). Fetal and neonatal brain injury: mechanisms, management, and risk of practice (2nd edn). Oxford University Press.

25. More, K.L., Persaud, T.V.N., and Smith, W. (ed.) (1998). Essentials of embryology and birth defects (5th edn). W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

26. livanainen, M. (1974). A study of the origins of mental retardation. Clinics in Developmental Medicine No. 51, Spastics International Medical Publications, London.

27. More, K.L. and Persaud, T.V.N. (1998). The developing human: clinically oriented embryology (6th edn). W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

28. Berg, B.O. (ed.) (1996). Principles of child neurology. McGraw-Hill, London.

29. Jones, K.L. (ed.) (1997). Smith's recognizable patterns of human malformations. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA.

30. Badawi, N., Kurinczuk, J.J., Keogh, J.M. et al. (1998). Antepartum risk factors for newborn encephalopathy: the Western Australian case-control study. British Medical Journal, 317, 1549-53.

31. Scheld, W.M., Whitley, R.J. and Durack, J.T. (ed.) (1996). Infections of the central nervous system (2nd edn). Lippincott-Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA.

32. Peterson, P.K. and Remington, J.S. (ed.) (1997). In defense of the brain: current concepts in the immunopathogenesis and clinical aspects in CNS infections. Blackwell Science, Boston, MA.

33. Bosma, H., van de Mheen, H.D., and Mackenbach, J.P. (1999). Social class in childhood and general health in adulthood: questionnaire study of contribution of psychological attributes. British Medical Journal, 318, 18-22.

34. Kenney, J.W., Reinholtz, C., and Angelini, P.J. (1997). Ethnic differences in childhood and adolescent sexual abuse and teenage pregnancy. Journal of Adolescent Health, 21, 3-10.

35. Yoder, B.A. and Young, M.K. (1997). Neonatal outcomes of teenage pregnancy in a military population. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 90, 500-6.

36. Bankier, A. (ed.) (1996). POSSUM. Computer Power Group and the Murdoch Institute for Research into Birth Defects, Melbourne.

37. Braitser, M. and Winter, R.M. (ed.) (1996). The London Dysmorphology Database (LDDB). Oxford Medical Databases. Oxford University Press.

38. Boyd, P.A., Chamberlain, P., and Hicks, N.R. (1998). 6-year experiences on prenatal diagnosis in an unselected population in Oxford. Lancet, 352, 1577-81.

39. Fasouliotis, S.J. and Schenker, J.Y. (1998). Preimplantation genetic diagnosis: principles and ethics. Human Reproduction, 13, 2238-45.

40. Harper, P.S. (1993). Practical genetic counselling (4th edn). Butterworth Heinemann, Oxford.

41. Reich, W. (ed.) (1995). Encyclopedia of bioethics. Macmillan, New York.

42. Shaw, M.W. (1984). Conditional prospective rights of the fetus. Journal of Legal Medicine, 5, 63-116.

43. Bouchard, I., Renaud, M., Kremp, O., and Dallaire, L. (1995). Selective abortion: a new moral order? Consensus and debate in the medical community. International Journal of Health Services, 25, 65-84.

44. Khushf, G. (1998). A radical rupture in the paradigm of modern medicine: conflicts of interests, fiduciary, obligations, and the scientific ideal. Journal of Medical Philosophy, 23, 98-122.

45. Shickle, D. and Chadwick, R. (1994). The ethics of screening: is 'screeningitis' an incurable disease? Journal of Medical Ethics, 20, 12-18.

46. Searle, J. (1997). Routine antenatal screening: not a case of informed choice. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 21, 268-74.

Shoumitro Deb and Zahir Ahmed introduction Quantitative. trait.loci Behaviourai. phenotypes Specific conditions

FragNeX.syndrome

Down syndrome

Fetal.. alcohol. syndrome Rettsyndrome Lesch—Nyhansyndrom.P Prader-Willi.. syndrome Cornelia ..de ..L.ang.e. syndrome Williams ..syndrome

Angelman.. syndrome

Velocardiofacia!.. syndrome

Tuberpus..sc!erpsis Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome

Mucopo!ysaccharide...disorders Phenylketonuria La,u.re.n.ce-Moo.n... syndrome Cri-du-chai.. syndrome ConflennitaLcytomengaloviiMs,.. disease Congenita!..hyppthyroidism Congenita!. . rubella .syndrome Joube.rt...syn.d.r.ome smith-Magenis. .syndrome gcu|ocelrelbroIen.a.l..syn.drpm.e.. .o,f..Lowe

Aicardi. syndrome

Conclusion

Chapter.. References

Invisible Viagara

Invisible Viagara

You are about to discover the "little-known" techniques, tricks and "mind tools" that will show you how to easily "program" your body and mind to produce an instant, rock-hard erection. Learn how to enjoy all of the control, confidence and satisfaction that comes from knowing you can always "rise to the challenge" ... and never have to deal with embarrassment, apologies, shyness or performance anxiety in the bedroom, ever again.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment