Chapter References

1. Singleton, N., Meltzer, H., Gatward, R., Coid, J., and Deasy, D. (1998). Psychiatric morbidity among prisoners. HMSO, London.

2. Gunn, J., Maden, A., and Swinton, M. (1991). Treatment needs of prisoners with psychiatric disorders. British Medical Journal, 303, 338-41.

3. East, N. and Hubert, W. de B. (1939). The psychological treatment of crime. HMSO, London.

4. Bernheim, J. and de Montmollin, M.-J. (1990). A special unit in Geneva. In Principles and practice of forensic pychiatry(ed. R. Bluglass and P. Bowden), pp. 1355-7. Churchill Livingstone, London.

5. Gunn, J. and Taylor, P.J. (1993). Forensic psychiatry: clinical, legal and ethical issues, p. 134. Butterworth Heinemann, Oxford.

6. Partridge, R. (1953). Broadmoor. Chatto & Windus, London.

7. Street, D.R.K. and Tong, J.E. (1960). Rampton—a Special Hospital. Lancet, ii, 143-6.

8. Ministry of Health (1961). Special hospitals: report of a working party (Chairman, Mr D. Emery). HMSO, London.

9. House of Commons, Estimates Committee (1968). The Special Hospitals and the state hospital: second report from the Estimates Committee, Session 1967-68. HC 31: Vol. VII. HMSO, London.

10. Blom-Cooper, L., Brown, M., Dolan, R., and Murphy, E. (1992). Report of the Committee of Inquiry into Complaints about Ashworth Hospital (Chairman, Sir Louis Blom-Cooper QC). Cmnd 2028, Vols 1 and 2. HMSO, London.

11. Bluglass, R. (1992). The special hospitals: should they be closed? British Medical Journal, 305, 323-4.

12. Department of Health (1994). Report of the Working Group on High Security and Related Psychiatric Prov/'sion(Chairman, Dr J. Reed CB). Department of Health, London.

13. Fallon, P., Bluglass, R., Edwards, B., and Daniels, G. (1999). Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the Personality Disorder Unit at Ashworth Hospital. Vols I and II, Cmnd 4194-II. HMSO, London.

14. Royal College of Psychiatrists (1999). Comments of the Royal College of Psychiatrists on the Report of the Committee of Inquiry into the Personality Disorder Unit at Ashworth Special Hospital. Psychiatric Bulletin, 23(8).

15. Department of Health, Home Office (1975). Report of the Committee on Mentally Abnormal Offenders (Chairman, Lord Butler of Saffron Walden KG) Cmnd 6244. HMSO, London.

16. Department of Health, Home Office (1992). Review of health and social services and others requiring similar services (Chairman, Dr J. Reed CB). Department of Health, London.

17. Snowden, P.R. (1985). A survey of the regional secure unit programme. British Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 499-507.

18. Snowden, P.R. (1990). Regional secure units and forensic services in England and Wales. In Principles and practice of forensic psychiatry (ed. R. Bluglass and P. Bowden), pp. 1375-586. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

19. Cordess, C. and Cox, M. (ed.) (1995). Forensic psychotherapy. Jessica Kingsley, London.

20. Department of Health, Home Office (1994). Report of the Working Group on Psychopathic Disorder (Chairman, Dr J. Reed CB). Department of Health, London.

21. Cope, R. (1992). A survey of forensic psychiatrists' views on psychopathic disorder. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, 4, 215-35.

22. Royal College of Psychiatrists (1999). Offenders with personality disorder. Council Report CR 71. Gaskell, London.

Plates for Chapter 2.3.1

Plates for Chapter 2.3.1

Plate 2 (a) The thalamus is shown as if removed from the brain at the top, with the individual major nuclei indicated. (b) Schematic diagram showing the isolated thalamus divided approximately at the middle of its anteroposterior extent; the arrows indicate known sources of major subcortical afferents to the individual named nuclei. (c) The diagram of the isolated thalamus shown in (a) with the individual main nuclei colour coded. (d), (e) Schematic diagrams of the cerebral surfaces (medial and lateral) showing the regions of cortex colour coded to correspond to the main thalamic nuclei with which they have major connections.

Plate 4 Principles of positron emission: b is an electron and b+ is a positron. Two high-energy gamma rays (g) are produced on annihilation of a positron by an electron.

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Plate 5 Use of a PET radiotracer to image 5-HT1A receptors in the human brain.

Plates for Chapter 2.3.7

Plate 7 Spin echo MR images and artefacts. Top row, spin echo images: left, proton density image (TR = 2000 ms, TE = 20 ms); middle, 7"rweighted image (TR = 350 ms, TE = 20 ms); right 72-weighted image (TR = 2000 ms, TE = 90 ms). The arrow on the 72-weighted image indicates blurring caused by movement (swallowing) during acquisition. Bottom row, examples of poor tissue contrast and susceptibility artefact: left, spin echo image showing poor contrast due to injudicious prescription of pulse sequence (TR = 350 ms, TE = 90 ms); middle, bulk susceptibility artefact; right, ferromagnetic susceptibility artefact caused by a metallic hairgrip.

Plate 8 Diffusion-weighted MRI data can be used to generate maps of (left) the apparent diffusion coefficient ( ADC) and (right) the anisotropy of diffusion. Diffusion of protons is most rapid and isotropic in cerebrospinal fluid, and least rapid and most anisotropic in white matter. White matter is clearly defined by relative hyperintensity in the anisotropy map.

Plate 9 Steps in computerized image analysis. Dual-echo (fast spin echo) data are acquired from several cases and controls in a cross-sectionally designed study. Extracerebral tissue is removed (1) from each image before segmentation or tissue classification (2). Tissue-classified images are registered with a template image in standard space (3) before hypothesis testing (4). Voxels or clusters, which demonstrate a significant difference in tissue class volume between groups, are colour coded.

Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

If Pregnancy Is Something That Frightens You, It's Time To Convert Your Fear Into Joy. Ready To Give Birth To A Child? Is The New Status Hitting Your State Of Mind? Are You Still Scared To Undergo All The Pain That Your Best Friend Underwent Just A Few Days Back? Not Convinced With The Answers Given By The Experts?

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