Chapter References

1. Birch, H.G., Richardson, S.A., Baird, D., Horobin, G., and Illsley, R. (1970). Mental subnormality in the community: a clinical and epidemiological study. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.

2. Shah, A., Holmes, N., and Wing, L. (1982). Prevalence of autism and related conditions in adults in a mental handicap hospital. Applied Research in Mental Retardation, 3, 303-17.

3. Mansell, J. (1992). Services for people with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour or mental health needs. HMSO, London.

4. Goh, S. and Holland, A.J. (1994). A framework for commissioning services for people with learning disabilities (mental handicap). Journal of Public Health Medicine, 16, 279-85.

5. Verkerk, A., Pieretti, M., Sutcliffe, J.S., et al. (1991) Identification of a gene (FMR-1) containing a CGG repeat coincident with a breakpoint cluster region exhibiting length variation in fragile X syndrome. Cell, 65, 905-14.

6. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (4th edn). American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.

7. Sparrow, S., Balla, D., and Cicchetti, D. (1984). Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale (Interview Edition—Survey Version). American Guidance Association, Circle Pines, MN.

8. Nihara, K., Leland, H., and Lambert, N. (1993). Adaptive Behavior Scales—Residential and Community (2nd edn). Pro-Ed, Austin, TX.

9. World Health Organization (1980). International classification of impairments, disabilities and handicaps (10th revision). World Health Organization, Geneva.

10. Holland, A. and Koot, H. (1999). Mental health and intellectual disabilites: an international perspective. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 42, 505-12.

11. Aman, M., et al. (1985). The Aberrant Behavior Checklist: a behavior rating scale for the assessment of tretament effects. American Journal of Mental Deficiency, 89, 485-91.

12. Moss, S.C., et al. (1993). Psychiatric morbidity in older people with moderate and severe learning disability (mental retardation). Part 1: Developmental and reliability of the patient interview (the PAS-ADD). British Journal of Psychiatry, 163, 471-80.

13. Durrand, V.M. and Crimmins, D.B. (1988). Identifying the variables maintaining self-injurious behaviour. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 18, 99-117.

14. World Health Organization (1992). International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th revision. WHO, Geneva.

15. Meadows, G., Turner, T., Campbell, L., Lewis, S.W., Reveley, M.A., and Murray, R.M. (1991). Assessing schizophrenia in adults with mental retardation. A comparative study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 103-5.

16. Aylward, E., Burt, D., Thorpe, L., Lai, F., and Dalton, A.J. (1997). Diagnosis of dementia in individuals with intellectual disability: report of the task force for development of criteria for diagnosis of dementia in individuals with mental retardation. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 41, 152-64.

17. Holland, A.J., Hon, J., Huppert, F.A., Steven, F., and Watson, P. (1998). Population-based study of the prevalence and presentation of dementia in adults with Down's syndrome. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 493-8.

18. Wong, J., Clare, I.C.H., Gunn, M.J., and Holland, A.J. (1999). Capacity to make health care decisions: its importance in clinical practice. Psychological Medicine, 29, 437-46.

19. Department of Health (1998). Signposts for success in commissioning and providing health services for people with learning disabilities. Department of Health, London.

Tom Fryers

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