Chapter References

1. Fryers, T. (1997). Public health approaches to mental retardation; handicap related to intellectual impairment. In Oxford textbook of public health (3rd edn) (ed. R. Detels, W. Holland, J. McEwen, and G.S. Omenn), pp. 1451-76. Oxford University Press.

2. Fryers, T. (1989). Epidemiology and mental retardation. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 2, 607-12.

3. Fryers, T. (1990). Mental retardation and epidemiology. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 3, 595-602.

4. Fryers, T. (1991). Recent epidemiological studies in mental retardation. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 4, 662-6.

5. Fryers, T. (1992). Epidemiological research related to mental retardation. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 5, 650-5.

6. Fryers, T. (1993). Recent research in epidemiology. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 6, 644-9.

7. Fryers, T. (1995). Epidemiological concerns in current literature. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 8, 272-5.

8. Fryers, T. (1997). Epidemiology in relation to community and residential services. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 10, 349-53.

9. Richardson, S.A. (1989). Issues in the definition of mental retardation and the representativeness of studies. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 10, 285-94.

10. Fryers, T. (1993) Epidemiological thinking in mental retardation: issues in taxonomy and population frequency. In International review of research in mental retardation, Vol. 19 (ed. N.W. Bray), pp. 97-133. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

11. World Health Organization (1992). International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems, 10th revision. WHO, Geneva

12. Grossman, H.J. (ed.) (1983). Classification in mental retardation. American Association on Mental Deficiency, Washington, DC.

13. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (4th edn). American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC.

14. World Health Organization (1980). International classification of impairments, disabilities and handicaps. World Health Organization, Geneva.

15. Fryers, T. (1997). Impairment, disability and handicap; categories and classifications. In Seminars in the psychiatry of learning disabilities (ed. O. Russell), pp. 16-30. Gaskell Press, London.

16. Fryers, T. (1984). The epidemiology of severe intellectual impairment: the dynamics of prevalence. Academic Press, London.

17. Fryers, T. (1996). Mental retardation in developing countries. In Psychiatry for the developing world (ed. D. Tantam and A. Duncan), pp. 258-90. Gaskell Press, London.

18. McGrother, C.W. and Marshall, B. (1990) Recent trends in incidence, morbidity and survival in Down's syndrome. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 34, 49-57.

19. Fryers, T. (1990) Pre- and perinatal factors in the aetiology of mental retardation. In Reproductive and perinatal epidemiology (ed. M. Kiely), pp. 171-204. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

20. Fryers, T. and Russell, O. (1997) Applied epidemiology. In Seminars in the psychiatry of learning disabilities (ed. O. Russell), pp. 31-47. Gaskell Press, London.

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