Attention deficit and hyperactivity

Behavioural interventions (such as operant approaches and token economies) improve targeted behaviours, social skills, and academic performance in children with attention deficit.'5!ยป However, these improvements tend not to persist over time or to generalize to new situations. Moreover, behaviour modification alone is less effective than medication alone.'5!)

Cognitive techniques (such as self-instruction and problem-solving) were developed in an attempt to improve the generalization of behavioural methods. However, the evidence thus far suggests that cognitive techniques are not a particularly effective treatment for attention deficit, do not generalize more than behavioural techniques, and do not supplement the effects of medication.(52) Their optimal role may be to target domains that are least likely to respond to medication, such as prosocial behaviour, and to enhance behavioural techniques.

Breaking Bulimia

Breaking Bulimia

We have all been there: turning to the refrigerator if feeling lonely or bored or indulging in seconds or thirds if strained. But if you suffer from bulimia, the from time to time urge to overeat is more like an obsession.

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