International classification makes possible future worldwide psychopharmacological studies with patients having standardized diagnoses, as well as psychotherapeutic and sociotherapeutic evaluation. In the meantime, wide use is made of standardized and structured interviews, which allow diagnoses according to ICD-10 and DSM-IV. It is expected that the use of these kinds of diagnostic instruments will be obligatory in scientific work published in future.
Internationally uniform diagnoses will enable epidemiologists to compare the prevalence and incidence of different disorders in various countries and cultures. The advantage of ICD-10 over the more regional DSM-IV may be that it satisfies both European and Third World requirements. For planning purposes it would be of great interest to compare administrative data from different countries and regions in conjunction with psychiatric diagnoses.
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Autism is a developmental disorder that manifests itself in early childhood and affects the functioning of the brain, primarily in the areas of social interaction and communication. Children with autism look like other children but do not play or behave like other children. They must struggle daily to cope and connect with the world around them.