Natural Remedies for Kidney Stones
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has been employed with success for many years in the management of kidney stones and bile-stones. Starting from these applications and considering that the acoustic impedance of some of the crystals in kidney stones and in bone hydroxyapatite (HA) are similar, this technique has also been applied in orthopaedics and traumatology to treat delayed unions and nonunions.
Urease is a virulence factor in human and animal infections of the urinary and gastrointestinal tracts, and is involved in kidney stone formation, catheter encrustation, pyelonephritis, ammonia encephalopathy, hepatic coma, and urinary tract infections 4,5 . Urease is also produced in large amounts (10-15 of total proteins by weight) in Helicobacter pylori, a ureolytic bacterium able to survive in the acidic environment of the stomach by exploiting the pH increase caused by the urease activity, and acting as the major cause of pathologies (including cancer) induced by gastroduodenal infections 6 (see also Chapter 15).
Common systemic effects are depression, stomach discomfort, tingling of the extremities, kidney stones, and impotence. A substantial metallic, chalky taste is also common. The tingling of the extremities is so pronounced that it has been suggested that you can judge a patient's compliance by asking if this sensation is present. Ocular effects with systemic therapy are rare. All CAIs, topical or systemic, are contraindicated in patients with sulfonamide allergies, severe kidney or heart diseases, and adrenocortical insufficiency.
Ultrasound also produces good estimates of renal size and anatomy. Doppler flow ultrasound can be used to evaluate blood flow of renal artery and vein. Ultrasound studies can be helpful in identifying kidney stones, evaluating size and thickness of the bladder, and finding a site of obstruction and are safe under all conditions because no contrast is used. 3. CT scan, intravenous pyelogram, angiography. Avoid if possible because these studies require use of contrast. CT scan is most useful in evaluating patients after traumatic injury, identifying kidney stones, and looking at renal artery and vein. MRI or magnetic resonance angiography may be used to evaluate renal vascular system dye used in these studies is less toxic than that used in CT, but images may not be as clear.
One of the chief concerns regarding the consumption of microorganisms as a protein source is their high concentration ofnucleic acid, primarily RNA. Yeast and bacteria contain approximately three to eight times as much RNA per gram as does meat. High levels of nucleic acid in the diet cause an increase in uric acid in the blood, which can lead to gout and kidney stones. Chemical and enzymatic methods are being developed to decrease the nucleic acid in SCP without altering the nutritional value of the protein.
This observation has received some unintended support from the recent scientific literature. Zhang et al. published research that showed that women with higher bone mass were at higher risk for postmenopausal breast cancer.1 Lucas et al. and Cauley et al. reached the same conclusion.2,3 Probably the one thing that all of these women had in common was the long-term ingestion of calcium supplements, usually of rock or other nonorganic origin. Massive amounts of calcium from such sources will increase bone density only slightly, while significantly increasing unwanted calcium deposition elsewhere in the body. Such deposits of calcium will not only increase hair levels of calcium, they will also promote degenerative diseases of all kinds, of which breast cancer is only one. In fact, Evans et al. published that most of the fifty women with one kind of breast cancer (ductal carcinoma in situ) had calcifications on their mammograms.4 Furthermore, Curhan et al. demonstrated that high...
Birth control pills and aspirin deplete the tissues of vitamin C. Ingestion of above 100 mg at one time results in decreased efficiency of absorption and an increased rate of excretion of unmetabolized ascorbic acid. Tissues reach saturation at 200 to 250 mg. Large doses may inactivate vitamin B12, have caused demineralization of bones in animals, may prevent the absorption of calcium, interfere with the absorption of copper, and result in the formation of kidney stones. Excessive amounts may cause a rise of calcium and phosphorus in the blood and excessive excretion of calcium in the urine. This may lead to calcification of soft tissues and of the walls of the blood vessels and kidney tubules, a condition called hypercalcemia. Too much vitamin D for prolonged periods can result in weight loss, headaches, and kidney stones.
Topiramate is most useful in patients with generalized tonic-clonic seizures and those with partial complex seizures. Topiramate causes a higher incidence of CNS-related side effects (primarily cognitive slowing and confusion) than other AEDs. It does not appear to cause a significant incidence of rashes or other hypersensitivity reactions however, a significantly higher incidence of kidney stones has been observed in persons receiving topiramate than in a similar untreated population.
Zonisamide has only recently been approved for use in the United States, although it has been available in Japan for several years. It is effective in partial complex and generalized tonic-clonic seizures and also appears to be beneficial in certain myoclonic seizures. It has a long half-life (about 60 hours) and requires about 2 weeks to achieve steady-state levels. It causes cere-bellovestibular side effects similar to those of most other AEDs sharing its mechanism of action. In addition, it appears to cause an increased incidence of kidney stones.
ORTI is extremely rare, only 12 cases have been reported in the English literature 414,1184,2462,2715 . Males predominate (9 12). Age at presentation was 6 days to 17 months. The exact nature of ORTI spindle cells is still uncertain. No cases have been reported in association with Wilms tumour or with WT1 WT2 gene syndromes on chromosome 11p. All cases presented with gross haema-turia except one which manifested as a palpable abdominal mass. Calcification of the tumour frequently suggests renal calculus.
Abdominal pain, nausea, and possible reactivation of peptic ulcer have been reported. The drug should be used with caution in patients with compromised renal function, and adequate fluid intake should always accompany sulfinpyrazone administration to minimize the possibility of renal calculus formation.
51 Tips for Dealing with Kidney Stones
Do you have kidney stones? Do you think you do, but aren’t sure? Do you get them often, and need some preventative advice? 51 Tips for Dealing with Kidney Stones can help.