Public health interventions to promote child survival have long been a priority for governments and development agencies. However, beyond issues of mortality, the role of health and nutrition in promoting child development and educational outcomes is increasingly being recognized [1, 2]. This chapter examines how common pediatric conditions affect children's cognitive, motor and socio-emotional development and consequently their readiness for school. Evidence of the impact of health and nutrition interventions on child development is reviewed and the potential for their inclusion in early childhood development (ECD) programs is considered.
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