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The Ayurveda Experience

The Ayurveda Experience is a three-step process to becoming more calm, healthy, and happy with a carefully researched 3-step process described in this eBook guide. You will identify your unique personality type and all of the problems and struggles that your personality type faces, and way to live your life so that you will become more satisfied and happier. Most of your problems in life stem from the fact that people do not realize that you are different from them. Since everyone is unique, everyone needs special treatment for their individual problems. There is no such thing as a one size fits all treatment plan for depression or weight or anything else. The Ayurveda Experience takes ancient Indian religion and medicine into account, and your unique person to come up with the perfect plan for you to become as healthy as you could possibly be. Learn your personality and what makes you tick, and then follow the plan to become the best person that you can be, treated the way that you were intended to be treated!

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Author: Lissa Coffey
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Herbal Medicine Traditions

The popular western herbalism discussed in this chapter is one of many philosophical systems of herbal treatment. It is also sometimes described as eclectic, since it has drawn on many other traditions, including the native American and Chinese. Chinese traditional medicine, Ayurvedic (Indian), and Tibetan traditions use complex herbal recipes and nutrition to achieve balance in the ill patient. Although these practices are most commonly found in ethnic populations, they are also becoming popular in some western complementary and alternative circles.

Botanical Herbal Medicines Used Against Cancer

Medicines derived from whole plant extracts, and which therefore contain many different types of molecules, are generally described as herbal medicines. The term botanical is used here to reflect that such agents are obtained from a wide variety of natural products, not just from herbs. Medicinal botanicals are minimally toxic, particularly when compared with plant-derived chemotherapeutic agents, and they are readily available without prescription. Described next are some botanicals commonly used by cancer patients. No botanical product has been proven effective against cancer, despite Internet claims of herbal remedy cures.

Ayurvedic Medicine

Ayurvedic means the science of life, and is probably the oldest system of healing. It encompasses a philosophy that is both subtle and complex. In treating an individual, an assessment is first made of metabolic body type or dosha. There are three doshas vata, pitta, and kapha, and the dominance of one over the others determines classification. Doshas are blueprints, or a health profile of an individual, encompassing physiology, innate ten dencies, strengths, weaknesses, and susceptibilities to ill health. Once a diagnosis of the illness has been made, the methods of treatment may include cleansing the body of toxins, whether of an environmental, bacterial or viral nature, appropriate changes in diet, herbal and mineral preparations to rebuild and rejuvenate body tissues, and stress management through activities such as meditation, deep breathing, and sound therapy. The purpose is to balance the doshas within the individual. Several factors are believed to be at the basis of...

Contributions of anthropology Helpseeking behaviour

It would be a mistake to believe that traditional healers are confined to developing countries or to ethnic minority groups in developed countries. Alternative medicine flourishes where Western biomedicine is perceived by the public to be ineffective, and psychiatry is one of those areas. Patients with psychiatric conditions are very likely to seek help from acupuncture, spiritual healing, homeopathy, or herbal remedies, in addition to consulting the general practitioner or psychiatrist. A sympathetic enquiry will elicit a number of sources of alternative medicine in the neighbourhood of the psychiatric facility. The efficacy of these treatments for any psychiatric condition has not been established, but it is a sobering thought that rauwolfia, an effective herbal antipsychotic, was used by Indian traditional healers for hundreds of years before chlorpromazine was introduced.

Eula Bingham PhD John Zapp PhD deceased

To manage a problem, it must be anticipated, the causes must be identified and analyzed, and practical means of overcoming the problem must be available. As a means to this end, industrial preventive medicine, industrial toxicology, and industrial hygiene became valuable tools. By the mid-1930s, several large chemical companies in the United States had established in-house

Synergistic Interactions

There are several reasons why the concept of using large synergistic combinations of compounds has not been embraced by Western medical science. First, although small combinations of chemotherapy drugs are routinely used in research and clinical practice, the size of these combinations is normally limited to about three to five agents.b Larger combinations are not tested because as the size of the combination increases, so does the expense, technical difficulty, and potential for adverse effects. For example, the statistical analysis of interactions becomes very difficult with combinations larger than about five compounds. Nonetheless, this book considers combinations containing perhaps 15 to 18 compounds. Although this may seem excessive to some readers, we must keep in mind that these are relatively nontoxic compounds and that combinations of this size or slightly smaller have been routinely used in herbal medicine traditions from around the world. Thus humans have been following...

Aims Of The Nutritional Recommendations

The goals of dietary advice are to achieve and maintain good health and quality of life, with avoidance and management of short-term symptoms, including hypoglycaemia and freedom from the long-term complications of the disease, for as long as possible. Evidence available from America from the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial in Type 1 diabetes (11) and also from the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study in Type 2 diabetes (12) suggests that normalisation of metabolic markers like blood glucose levels and management of blood pressure constitute key aims. There needs to be a balance between the attainment of objectives of care and the demands that they may impose on the individual person with diabetes.

Obesity as a Chronic Disease

How people live determines the impact of certain chronic diseases. The magnitude of this impact hinges on the patient's lifestyle and willingness to take charge of the disease 4 . An unhealthy lifestyle can advance or enable the presence or consequences of a particular disease. In contrast, a healthy lifestyle can delay or eliminate the development of certain diseases. A healthy lifestyle can help delay the onset or lessen the consequences of a chronic disease. A study by Mensink et al. showed a healthy lifestyle can improve glucose tolerance 7 . The Diabetes Control and Complication Trial (DCCT) set the standard for demonstrating the powerful impact that a healthy lifestyle and active disease management can have on reducing the risk of potential complications from type 1 diabetes. relatively healthy life. This was a tremendous advance from when diabetes was known as sugar disease prior to 1922. After Banting and Best's discovery of insulin, diabetes moved from a universally fatal...

Genetic Engineering Old and

Similarly, ancient farmers and herders realized that if they mated, or bred, plants or animals with desirable traits such as the ability to grow quickly or resist disease, they had a better than average chance of obtaining offspring with those same traits. People were also aware of characteristics such as strength and good health when they chose their own mates. In making decisions about mating and breeding, individuals were acting as unconscious genetic engineers.

Good nutrition is more than healthy food choices

One of the most important concepts in this book is that a quality diet alone is not enough to support good health. Certainly, it will be better for you than the typical American diet, filled with sugar and processed foods. But good food can support good health only when it is properly digested. Good food poorly digested is not desirable, and poor food well digested is also not desirable. In fact, poorly digested food even good food can actually further stress your body and compromise your immune system. Therefore, you should never equate good nutrition simply with a selection of good foods. You must always address the quality of your digestion as well.

Administering Medication To Pediatric Patients

Before administering medication to a pediatric patient consult with the parents to assess if the patient has allergies to food, medications, and the environment, a family history of allergies, an experience with medications and illnesses, or is taking any other medication or herbal remedies.

Protective Dietary Changes For Cardiovascular Disease Patients

If all of these effects worked in the same direction (to promote health), then the overall effect on health might be much greater than the estimated effect on the risk factor alone. On the other hand, if some effects on risk factors are positive and others are negative, the result might be no overall gain in health or even an overall loss of health even though the effects on the single risk factor measured looked promising. For this reason, understanding the effects of changes in diet on individual risk factors is interesting but not as helpful as understanding overall effects on health.

Current Applications And Challenges

The early suggestion of Metchnikoff to eat live bacteria to promote health has seen a dramatic rise in popularity and has developed into the field of probiotics, (eating live 'good' microbiota) and the related field, prebiotics (eating non-digestible oligosaccharides that target pathological microbiota) both with the idea of modifying the activity or composition of the endogenous microbiota 85-87 , While the gut has been the main focus of this probiotic research, endogenous microbiota found in other parts of the body, (e.g. urogenital tract, skin and nasopharynx) have also attracted attention and can be expected to yield success 87 , Clearly, our understanding of the immunology of aging is of present and future economic and political importance 88 considering the current large population of aging 'baby boomers' and future increases in the proportion of older people and in the age of old people that are generally predicted to happen. Since natural immunity seems to be less affected by...

The Healthillness Continuum

The individual's state of health is one of continual change. He moves back and forth from health to illness and back to health again. His condition is rarely constant. He may wake up feeling great, develop a headache mid-morning, and feel fine again by noon. The health-illness continuum (see figure 1-1) illustrates this process of change, in which the individual experiences various states of health and illness (ranging from extremely good health to death) that fluctuate throughout his life. b. As we previously stated, health, just as life itself, is a process of continual change. And we must continually adapt to these changes in our lives in order to maintain good health and well-being. It is our adaptation or response to that change, rather than the change itself, that affects our health. For example, two students just found out about a big test tomorrow, for which they are completely unprepared. One student responds to this stressful situation (stressor) by going home, getting...

Education And Training

Training of nurses is particularly important globally. In low income countries, where few physicians exist, nurses may be involved in making diagnostic and treatment decisions. They are also an important source of advice on promoting health and preventing disease, such as providing information on diet and immunization.

Lowering the Threshold for IFG What are the Consequences

The alignment of IFG and the corresponding intermediate category based on the oral glucose tolerance test impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in predicting the future development of type 2 diabetes. The proposed new diagnostic threshold is derived from receiver-operator characteristic curves of the different levels of fasting plasma glucose that predict the development of diabetes. The optimal cut-point (optimising the sum of sensitivity and specificity) was between 5.2 and 5.7 mmol L 6 . A secondary, but equally important consideration was to increase the proportion of individuals with IGT identified as having IFG. With the previous definition (6.1-6.9) 18 only 29 of individuals with IGT also have IFG. Lowering the diagnostic threshold to 5.5 mmol L would increase this proportion to 69 . Identification of patients with IGT is important from the perspective of preventive medicine, as this is the group where intervention studies have proven effective in preventing progression to diabetes...

Contributions Of Many Cultures

The Indian cultures of Central and South America, although totally isolated from the Old World, developed drug lore and usage in a fashion almost parallel with that of the older civilization. The use of drugs played an intimate part in the rites, religions, history, and knowledge of the South American Indians. New World medicine also was closely tied to religious thought, and Indian cultures treated their patients with a blend of religious rituals and herbal remedies. Incantations, charms, and appeals to various deities were as important as the appropriate application of poultices, decoctions, and infusions.

Genetic Counseling The Discipline and the Provider

As genomic medicine evolves into mainstream healthcare, there will be increasing demand for genetic testing, especially related to preventive medicine and pharmacogenetics. Most if not all healthcare providers will need some genetic training to be able to consider appropriate testing for patients, interpret the clinical significance of test results, and in complicated situations provide appropriate referrals to genetic health professionals. Genetic counselors are playing a key role in the genetic education of healthcare providers and are facing a growing group of patients concerned about genetic risk and contemplating complex medical decisions for almost every type of disorder through various stages of the life cycle.

Protein with Fat Carbohydrate with

Simple sugars, as contrasted with the more complex carbohydrates, should not be combined with anything. Fruit must be a separate snack, and if you can't resist an occasional refined-sugar dessert, eat it on an empty stomach. This way only you suffer the ill effects of the refined sugar itself. When refined sugar is eaten with other foods, both the other foods and the sugar will be poorly digested. The end result is the formation of toxins and the increased absorption of caloric content, which help neither your health nor your weight.

Future Directions For Aerosol

In general, drugs currently administered as aerosols are used principally for the treatment of pulmonary disorders. This line of thinking centers on providing a high local concentration while diminishing systemic absorption and associated side effects. Current research emphasizes this doctrine, examples of which are the development of longer-acting bronchodilator drugs by hindering absorption through molecular modifications (e.g., salmeterol, formoterol) 29 or incorporation into liposomes 147 . What then lies in the future for aerosols in pharmacology, other than the treatment of obstructive airways disease The potential of aerosols as a means of delivering drugs to the pulmonary and systemic circulations is now starting to be explored and it represents a valuable direction for future research. The rapid onset of action and circumvention of firstpass hepatic metabolism favor the airways as a site of drug disposition for systemic activity. With continuing advancements being made in...

The Benefit of Spices

Interestingly, one way in which you can probably decrease the sheer volume of pathogenic bacteria and other undesirable microorganisms in the gut is to increase your consumption of a wide variety of spices. Billing and Sherman published data suggesting that many different spices inhibit or kill a number of food-spoilage microorganisms.7 Another study looked at the antimicrobial effects of twenty-four spices against a specific type of pathogenic E. coli bacteria.8 In uncooked hamburger, it was found that clove had the highest inhibitory effect on bacterial growth, followed in potency by cinnamon, garlic, oregano, and sage. Interestingly, in a laboratory medium, garlic had the highest inhibitory effect. It was even demonstrated that increasing the amounts of clove and garlic could kill nearly all (99 percent) of the pathogenic E. coli bacteria without inhibiting normal bacterial fermentative processes. Garlic is often touted for its ability to promote good health. Perhaps one of its...

Negative Side To Some Natural Foods

Some of the fastest glucose-releasing foods ever tested are potatoes, corn, white rice, and white flour-based foods, which would include pasta. These foods release glucose into the bloodstream substantially FASTER than sucrose (refined table sugar) However, this should not be taken as an excuse to indulge in sugar, but to avoid these foods as absolutely as sugar if weight loss alone is desired. If you add to this the desire to achieve good health, refined sugar must be avoided in its entirety. However, this is not to say that the high glycemic index vegetables need to be as scrupulously avoided as sugar. Refined sugar has no inherent nutritional value beyond being a source of glucose. Indulging in refined sugar not only shoots up your blood glucose, it also suppresses hunger so that every indulgence in sugar keeps you from eating food that is genuinely nutritious. Certainly, potatoes, corn, and white rice do have positive nutritional value far beyond...

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli

Although there are several serotypes of EHEC known, the most common serotype, particularly in the U.S., Canada, Great Britain, and parts of Europe, is E. coli O157 H7 35 . In the years from 1998 to 2000 the Center for Disease Control (CDC) recorded 86 outbreaks attributed to E. coli. Of these, 68 were identified as outbreaks caused by E. coli O157 H7 37 . The great majority of these outbreaks were either from meat products or had an unknown source. Despite the fact that the majority of EHEC outbreaks are not associated with fresh fruit or juice made from fresh fruit, outbreaks associated with fresh fruit or fresh juice are of concern, since these products are associated with a healthy lifestyle and are generally consumed raw.

Nutrition Throughout Life

The guidelines discussed in this chapter can be applied to everyone throughout their lifetime. Identify when your energy needs are changing (i.e., changes in physical activity levels, pregnancy, breast feeding) and adjust your diet appropriately to maintain your health and fitness. Each individual should eat the appropriate number of servings from each food group based on their EER (refer to Chapter 1 and Table 3-2). Seek the help of a Registered Dietitian if you have any concerns about your diet or the diet of a family member. Even if you do not cook your meals or if you eat in the galley, you can make healthy food choices (see Appendix A). When eating in the galley, ask for the Healthy Navy Options menu items (available in the larger galleys and ships). Make high-fat foods the exception rather than the rule in your diet.

Epidemiological assessment of the global burden of epilepsy

Overall, epilepsy contributed more than seven million DALYs (0.5 ) to the global burden of disease in 2000 (21, 22). Figure 3.2.1 shows the distribution of DALYs or lost years of healthy life attributable to epilepsy, both by age group and by level of economic development. It is apparent that close to 90 of the worldwide burden of epilepsy is to be found in developing regions, with more than half occurring in the 39 of the global population living in countries with the highest levels of premature mortality (and lowest levels of income). An age gradient is also apparent, with the vast majority of epilepsy-related deaths and disability in childhood and adolescence occurring in developing regions, while later on in the life-course the proportion drops on account of relatively greater survival rates into older age by people living in more economically developed regions.

Choice of Normal Lymphocyte Donor

Several investigators have successfully made hybridomas by fusing spleen cells from rats with myeloma cells from mice (Ledbetter and Herzenberg, 1979 McKearneia ., 1980 Springer, 1980 Kincadeefa ., 1981). These hybrids appear to be as stable as mouse-mouse hybrids, but in general they can only be grown in tissue culture. Occasionally, such hybrids will grow in 'nude' (athymic) mice, but these mice are difficult to breed and maintain in good health. Rat-mouse hybrids will sometimes grow in mice or rats which have been sublethally irradiated (400-500 R).

Longterm Dietary Advice For The Mother And Her Child

Women with a history of GDM are an ideal group to target, not only because of their own heightened risk of future diabetes (97,98) but to ensure a healthy lifestyle within the family unit, hence reducing the risk of obesity and future diabetes in the children also.

Advertising versus science

With all of these provisions, along with the existing legal mandates in America that all milk and dairy products be pasteurized, it's easy to see that owning your own cow would be the only way to make sure of getting healthy milk and milk products. The intervention of modern technology, with the support of the law, has made it effectively impossible for most of the population to ever drink a nutritious glass of milk. Because of these unavoidable realities, milk as it is presently available is far more toxic than it is nutritious. The technology of the modern dairy industry has been especially effective in negating most of the positive nutritious effects that can be gained from milk. As you will also see, there is a disturbingly large body of scientific evidence to support the assertion that milk is not the wonderful nutrient that the dairy industry would have you believe it is.

Specialist Therapeutic Areas

Until 1996, the Yellow Card Scheme collected reports of suspected ADRs to licensed herbal products only in 1995, less than 0.2 of Yellow Cards received related to such products. In October 1996, the Yellow Card Scheme was extended to include reporting for unlicensed herbal remedies, following a report from Guy's Hospital Toxicology Unit on potentially serious adverse reactions associated with herbal remedies (Anon, 1996). Although levels of reporting remain low, there has been an almost two-fold increase in the reporting of suspected ADRs to herbal remedies (around 40 reports per year until 1998 more than 70 reports in 2001), with such reports accounting for 0.4 of reports received in 2001. This information is important in monitoring the safety of herbal products, many of which are unlicensed and therefore unregulated, and in evaluating how such products might interact with licensed medicinal products, e.g. the recently reported interactions between the herbal remedy St John's Wort...

The Critical Importance of Treatment Effectiveness in Determining the Benefits of Screening

Although many people and their clinicians view the potential benefits of screening as primarily a function of the accuracy (especially the sensitivity) of a screening test, in fact, the factor that most commonly limits the benefit from screening is the treatment. For a screening program to improve health outcomes, it must include a treatment that is not only effective but which is more effective if applied earlier than if applied later. That is, the critical issue with screening is the timing of treatment. If the treatment is not effective at any time, obviously screening is not useful. If treatment is excellent and just as effective for clinically detected cancer as screening-detected cancer, then again early detection by screening is not helpful. Screening is only useful in improving health outcomes when the treatment is effec

Herbal Immunostimulant Compounds

The (probable) active ingredients of the herbal compounds in Table 12.1 tend to fall into a limited number of chemical families one of these is high-molecular-weight polysaccharides, which are large sugar molecules. Natural compounds containing them include Astragalus, Ganoderma, Eleutherococcus, and PSK. A second family of immunostimulating compounds is the saponins. Natural compounds with these are Eleuthero-coccus and ginseng. It is tempting to speculate that the most effective combinations of herbal immune stimulants will contain compounds from both families, and in fact, most multiherb, immunostimulating formulas used in Chinese herbal medicine do have both. Some herbs

Clinical Studies With Chinese Herbal Formulas

No discussion on using natural immunostimulant compounds in cancer therapy would be complete without some consideration of the many clinical studies that have been done in China. Studies have been conducted on the combined use of chemotherapy and Chinese herbal medicine, as well as on the anticancer use of Chinese herbal medicine alone. The majority of herbal formulas used in the Chinese studies were composed primarily of immunostimulant herbs such as those in Table 12.1 (for example, most formulas included Astragalus or ginseng or both). In Chinese herbal medicine, most of these herbs are considered tonics for the qi, or vital energy.3 (For contents of the herbal formulas mentioned below, see Table H.2 in Appendix H for more information on the theory of using Chinese herbs in cancer treatment, see reference 68). a Herbs that in Chinese herbal medicine terms clear heat,

Nasopharyngeal Cancer

In a study on 197 patients with stage III and IV naso-pharyngeal cancer, approximately half had radiotherapy in combination with Formula 1, and half received radiotherapy alone. After one year, survival was 91 percent in the combined treatment group and 80 percent in the one receiving only radiotherapy. After three years, the survival rates were 67 percent and 33 percent respectively, and after five years, they were 52 percent and 24 percent.71,72 Although Formula 1 contains Astragalus, most of the others in the formula are ones that, in Chinese herbal medicine terms, reduce blood stagnation.

Letter 31 Jd Hooker To Charles Darwin

I have been asked by some of your friends (eighteen in number) to inform you that they have placed, through Robarts, Lubbock & Co., the sum of 2,100 pounds to your account at your bankers. We have done this to enable you to get such complete rest as you may require for the re-establishment of your health and in doing this we are convinced that we act for the public interest, as well as in accordance with our most earnest desires. Let me assure you that we are all your warm personal friends, and that there is not a stranger or mere acquaintance amongst us. If you could have heard what was said, or could have read what was, as I believe, our inmost thoughts, you would know that we all feel towards you, as we should to an honoured and much loved brother. I am sure that you will return this feeling, and will therefore be glad to give us the opportunity of aiding you in some degree, as this will be a happiness to us to the last day of our lives. Let me add that our plan occurred to...

Antibacterial Screening of Tragia involucrata L Euphorbiaceae A Tribal Used Medicinal Plant

Since time immemorial, folk medicinal plants have been used to cure human ailments. Up till now, traditional healers (present in tribes) are using plants for the preparation of various herbal drugs based on their own traditional methods without any scientific basis. There were 6000 species of medicinal plants used by folk practitioners during 1985-1990 in India. It is estimated that nearly 50,000 herbal formulations were developed from4600 tribal communities. Many of these formulations have been used to treat cold, inflammation, snake bite, mental illness and skin diseases, as well as for birth control and delivery of babies. A leaf paste obtained from Clistanthus colinuswas is used to commit suicide by tribes in many native settlements. The leaf paste obtained from Phyllanthus amarus is used as herbal therapy for jaundice 1 . Medicinal plants have been used to treat a wide range of human diseases because of their therapeutic values 2 , A large proportion of the population in Uganda...

Use of bglucans in food products

Opment of new processing technologies and improved knowledge of fibre distribution in the matrix.115 In an EU project entitled 'Design of foods with improved functionality and superior health effects using cereal P-glucans (QLK1-2000-00535)', different foods that normally do not contain cereals were enriched with P-glucans and the health effects were documented.

Safety of Synergistic Combinations

There is also a precedent for safely using large combinations of natural compounds, including combinations that contain some of the compounds in this book. Both Chinese herbal medicine and Ayurvedic medicine, the ancient healing system of India, have been using large combinations of natural compounds for centuries, if not thousands of years. For example, in Chinese herbal medicine, single herbs are rarely prescribed, but combinations of 4 to 12 herbs are commonly employed. Considering that each herb may contain multiple active compounds, this is a large mix of compounds. The efficacy and safety of many of these formulas have been borne out by modern Chinese investigations.

Conclusions And Perspectives

Innovative approach to therapeutic intervention in diseases causing tissue damage, such as neurodegeneration, and suggests potential novel therapeutic strategies relying upon the simultaneous activation of cytoprotective genes of the cell life program and down-regulation of pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidative genes involved in programmed cell death. A strong evidence that a crosstalk between stress responsive genes is critical for cell stress tolerance is presented here, highlighting compelling reason for a renewed effort to understand the central role of this most extraordinary defense system in biology and medicine. All of the above evidence support also the notion that stimulation of various maintenance and repair pathways through exogenous intervention, such as mild stress or compounds targeting the heat shock signal pathway, such as acetylcarnitine may have biological significance as a novel approach to delay the onset of various age-associated alterations in cells, tissues and...

Antioxidants and Disease Outcome Observational Studies

Several epidemiologic observations indicate an inverse association between vitamin E intake and CHD. For example, the Iowa Women's Health Study (n 34,486) 14 , Nurses' Health Study (n 87,245) 15 , and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (men only n 39,910) 16 revealed that subjects in the highest quintile of vitamin E consumption from food and supplements had relative CHD risks of 0.78, 0.59, and 0.59, respectively, after adjustment for confounding variables such as age. The Nurses' Health study 15 showed a decreased risk of coronary artery disease in women who took vitamin E supplements for more than 2 years. However, in this study women who took the supplements had a slightly better cardiovascular risk profile at baseline. It is also probable that people who choose the vitamin supplements had healthier lifestyle.

Acknowledgments for the First Edition

The author expresses his appreciation to Liz Covello, the former publisher of life sciences for CRC Press LLC, and Barbara Ellen Norwitz, the current publisher of life sciences for CRC Press LLC for a gracious invitation to prepare a book on herbal medicine. The author acknowledges the support of Tiffany Lane, editorial assistant, and the magnificent contribution of Gail Renard, production editor, for polishing and refining the book.

Antioxidant Supplementation Pros and Cons

Counter, they must have the approval of the government agencies. Many also erroneously believe that antioxidant supplementation will achieve health benefits when conventional therapies fail. The arguments in favor of and against use of antioxidant supplementation are summarized in table 3. The fact that many, both in the industrialized world as well as in developing countries, do not consume a balanced diet that contains fresh fruits and vegetables, and the fact that antioxidants in small amounts appear to be safe, supplementation of the diet with modest amounts of conventional antioxi-dants may be justifiable. On the other hand, the fact that the body regulates the absorption and excretion of micronutrients, the concern about encouraging poor dietary habits and potential long-term toxicity and teratogenicity 3, 4 , especially in certain groups of people, are arguments against routine supplementation of the diet with pharmacological doses of antioxidants.

Conducting A Hazard Analysisrisk Assessment Study Haccp Principle

Step two of hazard analysis is hazard evaluation. Each identified hazard must be carefully considered based on its severity in the extent of exposure and likely occurrence (risk) in a product. For example, Listeria monocytogenes and Clostridium botulinum are both potential microbiological hazards in the fresh-cut produce industry. However, L. monocytogenes, due to its ubiquity, is a greater health risk to consumers of fresh-cut produce, even though C. botulinum would be considered a more severe hazard based on mortality rates 27 . Potential listeria contamination within the processing and or storage environment of fruit and vegetable facilities is a constant threat to products since there is a zero tolerance regulation for this hazard in ready-to-eat (RTE) foods.

Using Plants for Medicine

Around 300 BC, Aristotle described various herbal remedies, and his student Theophrastus wrote the text Historia Plantarum. In 100 AD, the Roman scholar Dioscorides wrote de Materia Medica, in which he mentions white willow, later found to be a source of aspirin. Both books were still in use in the Middle Ages. At least one herbal written in 1250 AD includes foxglove (Digitalis purpurea), the source of a heart stimulant.

Letter 67 To Jd Hooker

We shall live to see all the younger men converts. My neighbour and an excellent naturalist, J. Lubbock, is an enthusiastic convert. I see that you are doing great work in the Archipelago and most heartily do I sympathise with you. For God's sake take care of your health. There have been few such noble labourers in the cause of Natural Science as you are.

Fitness and Recreation

Recreation, fitness, and leisure are extremely important for maintaining both physical and psychological health. Lately, i have been using the phrase, the 5 M's to Good Health, which stands for Moving More Means More Mobility. Life requires a balance of movement and nonmovement (i.e., rest such as sleep, meditation, and relaxation), and for each of us, that will depend on how we feel on any given day. First and foremost, you must listen to your body and balance the amount of movement and nonmovement based on the amount of fatigue you experience, what your body will allow you to do, and your overall health. Because your condition and how you're feeling will vary at certain times of your life, make sure you under

Summary of Research and Conclusions

Although Astragalus is one of the most commonly used Chinese herbs and is used extensively in Chinese hospitals for treating cancer patients (in combination with chemotherapy), relatively few studies on Astragalus are indexed in the MEDLINE database. Presumably, many more are available in Chinese journals. Because of the custom of using combinations in Chinese herbal medicine, most of the indexed studies of Astragalus are ones on herbal combinations.

Recreation And Leisure

Yoga is an ancient Indian discipline designed to integrate the body and mind. The word yoga literally means to yoke or union. The basic components of yoga include breathing techniques (pranayama), relaxation, and performing the different postures or movements called asanas. Movements can be performed while seated, standing, or in a reclined position, and at a slower pace if you have trouble performing certain movements. The benefits of yoga include increased flexibility, balance, muscle strength, and endurance. There are many different styles of yoga, so find the appropriate style that matches your needs.

General Information

In Chinese herbal medicine, Eleutherococcus (or Acanthopanax) is used as a qi tonic and as an anti-inflammatory agent in arthritic conditions. The dose is commonly 6 to 15 grams per day of the dried herb in decoction.57 The Russian studies commonly used a 33 percent (1 3) alcohol extract, of which 2 to 16 milliliters were taken 1 to 3 times per day this dose is roughly equivalent to 1 to 16 grams per day of the dried herb. Treatment was commonly continued for up to 60 days, followed by a rest period of 2 to 3 weeks.56 As noted earlier, some type of treatment-rest schedule may help

Letter 108 To Th Huxley

I received several weeks ago your note telling me that you could not visit England, which I sincerely regretted, as I should most heartily have liked to have made your personal acquaintance. You gave me an improved, but not very good, account of your health. I should at some time be grateful for a line to tell me how you are. We have had a miserable summer, owing to a terribly long and severe illness of my eldest girl, who improves slightly but is still in a precarious condition. I have been able to do nothing in science of late. My kind friend Asa Gray often writes to me and tells me of the warm discussions on the Origin of Species in the United States. Whenever you are strong enough to read it, I know you will be dead against me, but I know equally well that your opposition will be liberal and philosophical. And this is a good deal more than I can say of all my opponents in this country. I have not yet seen Agassiz's attack (109 1. Silliman's Journal, July, 1860. A passage from...

Acknowledgments for the Second Edition

The author expresses his appreciation to Barbara Ellen Norwitz, the publisher of life sciences for CRC Press, for the gracious invitation to prepare the 2nd edition and to Amber Donley, the project coordinator, for all her assistance in preparing a state-of-the-art compendium on herbal medicine. The author acknowledges the magnificent contribution of Gail Renard, the production editor, for polishing and refining the book. Gail is an extraordinarily perceptive person who is visionary in character, has eagle eyes, is a remarkably intelligent person, and exhibits a Solomonic wisdom in editing scientific works, an attribute which is rarely seen in a production editor. The author remains eternally grateful and in awe of Gail's judgment and titanic and colossal contributions to restructuring and refining in an admirable fashion four books for him. The author expresses his loving tribute to his two sons John Ebadi, Ph.D. (Oriental medicine and Eastern healing art) and Mark Ebadi, M.D....

Treatment Implications Psychoeducation and monitoring

Having a balanced lifestyle and ensuring regularity of social routines in order to minimise sleep disruption, as keeping regular sleeping patterns and daily routines appears to be very important for bipolar patients (Wehr et al., 1987). Having knowledge of what may trigger an illness episode can lead to establishing a routine in daily living that avoids excessive stress and limits mood swings. Prediction, anticipation and prevention of any disruption in routine and sleep by stressors such as life events can be an important aspect in the psychosocial management of bipolar affective disorders.

Main Sources of Oxidative Stress in AD Mitochondria

Mitochondria are increasingly recognized as cellular organelles essential for generating the energy that fuels normal cellular function while, at the same time, they monitor cellular health in order to make a rapid decision (if necessary) to initiate programmed cell death. As such, the mitochondria sit at a strategic position in the hierarchy of cellular organelles to continue the healthy life of the cell or to terminate it.

Letter 117 To Dt Ansted

I thank you sincerely for writing to me and for your very interesting letter. Your name has for very long been familiar to me, and I have heard of your zealous exertions in the cause of Natural History. But I did not know that you had worked with high philosophical questions before your mind. I have an old belief that a good observer really means a good theorist (118 1. For an opposite opinion, see Letter 13.), and I fully expect to find your observations most valuable. I am very sorry to hear that your health is shattered but I trust under a healthy climate it may be restored. I can sympathise with you fully on this score, for I have had bad health for many years, and fear I shall ever remain a confirmed invalid. I am delighted to hear that you, with all your large practical knowledge of Natural History, anticipated me in many respects and concur with me. As you say, I have been thoroughly well attacked and reviled (especially by entomologists--Westwood, Wollaston, and A. Murray have...

Effects of Weight Loss in T2D

In patients with T2D weight loss has been demonstrated to improve bio-markers of good health, metabolic disturbances, HbA1c and vascular complications 8 . The most striking results have been reported after massive weight loss induced by surgery. In one study 9 , before surgery 49 of the patients had IGT or diabetes and after 14 years with a mean weight loss of 32.8 more than 90 maintained normal levels of plasma glucose.

Examples of traditional healing exclusively focused on substance abuse and dependence

Practised by folk healers in northern Mexico, (5Z> by the Colorados Indians of Ecuador 40) and by curanderos in northwestern Peru 58) In Thailand, traditional methods of detoxification and rehabilitation of opiate addicts are applied in certain Buddhist monasteries of these Wat Tam Krabok attained international fame. Candidates take a solemn vow of abstention upon admission for the treatment which consists of herbal remedies, hydrotherapy, spiritual-didactic and work-oriented groups. Repeated administration of emetic plant medicines with copious amounts of water, plus herbal steam baths, is purported to clean the addicts from the harmful substances it certainly may lead to collapse, induce an altered state of consciousness, and open the way for personality reorientation in a therapeutic milieu. (59) Comparative case follow-up studies showed that the overall success rates of this Buddhist addiction treatment programme equal those of much more expensive modern medical methods 60' Folk...

Liaison with traditional healers

Policy will need to set the framework to encourage regular opportunities for discussion, through workshops between mental health personnel, primary health-care teams, and traditional healers working towards gradual agreement of collaborative ways of working which may eventually include criteria for referral, diagnostic algorithms, shared care, and consideration of appropriate research including evaluation of traditional herbal remedies. In a number of countries including Zanzibar there is already good liaison between the obstetric service and traditional birth attendants. In Rawalpindi, Pakistan, diagnostic algorithms have been developed between the psychiatric service and traditional healers to encourage the referral of people with psychosis, and with petit mal and grand mal fits.

Medical Nutrition Therapy in Diabetes

But current nutritional recommendations for patients with T2D in general do not attach great importance to weight loss. The goals of medical nutrition therapy aimed at by the ADA focus on attaining and maintaining optimal metabolic outcomes, on preventing and treating the chronic complications of diabetes, on improving health through healthy food choices and physical activity, and on addressing individual nutritional needs 12 . There is evidence that all these goals are easily reached or somewhat better reached with a reduction of body weight. However, it seems to be a common belief among physicians that nutritional therapy in T2D is not efficient. To optimize glycemic control physicians often start with drug or insulin therapy before the effects of diet treatment are assessable 13 .

Reproductive Behavior

Elaborate behaviors have evolved around the process of reproduction in many animals. These behaviors often differ between males and females. Differences generally center around attracting or competing for a mate. Reproductive behaviors may help animals recognize members of the same species, or members of the opposite sex. They may also be indicators of good health.

Additional suggestions

Mean you are destined to nutritive failure. Individual circumstances will always dictate varying degrees of compliance. If your present eating regimen is very far removed from these recommendations, try to gradually align yourself with this regimen. When changes are too drastic and too abrupt, we tend not to follow them. We are all creatures of habit, and gradualism is sometimes the best way to achieve permanent changes. When you see the positive effects that optimal nutrition has on your health and physical appearance, you will have all the motivation you need to continue this program for the rest of your life.

Recommendations of Professional Groups Physical Inactivity

Professional groups generally agree that physical activity is an important part of staying healthy. The American College of Sports Medicine and the Centers for Disease Control released joint recommendations in 1995, suggesting that most Americans could benefit from regular physical activity,

Minimize exposure to toxins

While the proper diet, properly digested, is an enormously significant factor in maintaining or regaining good health, it will not be enough to help you if you are facing an enormous daily exposure to toxins. Dental toxicity must be addressed and eliminated as completely as possible before many people can begin to benefit from good nutrition. You simply cannot dry off while you are still in the shower. Good nutrition will always be a positive factor in seeking good health, but when daily toxin exposure goes above a certain level and stays there, good nutrition will not appear to be very effective in making you healthy. These issues are addressed in greater detail in Uninformed Consent The Hidden Dangers in Dental Care1, which I wrote in collaboration with Hal Huggins, and It's All in Your Head The Link Between Mercury Amalgams and Illness, by Dr. Huggins.2 Toxins can also rear their ugly head when a well-motivated individual undergoes any of a number of different programs of...

Beliefs And Selfmanagement

The second component concerns how an individual copes with or manages his or her own health problem. According to Leventhal et al., beliefs or cognitive representations about the health problems described above provide a framework which functions to guide a return to, or maintenance of, a state of good health. Two broad forms of coping have been described. These are approach coping (for example, take the pills or joining self-management groups) and avoidance coping (for example, disengagement or venting).

Recommendations of Professional Groups Sun Exposure

The American Cancer Society,102 the American Academy of Dermatology,103 the American Academy of Pediatrics,104 and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists105 all recommend patient education about sun protection behaviors (SPBs), such as sun avoidance, clothing, hats, and sunscreens. The American Academy of Family Physicians recommends sun protection for all with increased sun expo-sure.106 The American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM) concluded that sun-protective behaviors are probably

Final Note From The Author

In this book, a program of nutrition with an associated body of knowledge is presented that actually achieves the goal of good nutrition a healthier body. Much of the information presented here was originally assembled from the groundbreaking work of Drs. Weston Price and Melvin Page, which I have described elsewhere in this book. Briefly, these two researchers found that certain foods clearly support good health and normal blood chemistries, while other foods do not. Overweight people lost weight and sick people felt better when they followed these nutritional recommendations. one or more hidden agendas to justify promulgating such amazing and obviously harmful statements about nutrition. However, you are now armed, aware, and I hope motivated. After all, it is your health and your life that are being affected. If I am wrong about anything of substance in this book, I welcome being told so, and I welcome being educated as to why I am wrong. Being wrong does not scare me, and it...

Omega3 and other polyunsaturated fatty acids in functional food products

Functional foods are food products that have beneficial effects on physiology and or have the ability to reduce the risk of a disease. Functional foods may be conventional food or foods that have been enriched with functional components to provide greater health benefits, but they do not include purified substances provided in pills or capsules. Since omega-3 PUFAs have been shown to have beneficial effects in several health conditions they are considered to be a functional food. The positive effects of omega-3 PUFAs in different diseases have been established and these fatty acids have been particularly interesting in coronary heart disease but also in several other conditions such as arteriosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, cancer, depression and asthma (de Lorgeril et al., 1994 Simopoulos, 1999 Ruxton et al., 2004 Nettleton and Katz, 2005). The beneficial effects of omega-3 PUFAs on health have resulted in the production of dietary supplements becoming a large industry. There is also a...

Estimated Therapeutic and Loael Doses of Arctigenin and Arctium Seed

The commonly prescribed dose of Arctium seed for noncancerous conditions in Chinese herbal medicine is about 9 grams per day, which provides about 500 milligrams of arctigenin. The LOAEL dose for arctigenin is uncertain, but based on predictions for the LD50, we will estimate it at 650 milligrams, or 12 grams of Arctium seed (see Appendix J) this is the tentative dose recommendation listed in Table 20.6.

Dietary recommendations and therapeutic use

The most important effect of omega-3 PUFAs, and in particular EPA and DHA, is the triglyceride-lowering effect observed in humans (Connor et al., 1993). Lowering circulating triglycerides has been proven to protect against coronary heart disease and the use of fish oil or increased consumption of fish after myocardial infarction reduced reinfarc-tion and mortality (Calder, 2004). The American Heart Association have presented guidelines for dietary fish intake, proposing that patients without documented coronary heart disease should eat a variety of fish, preferably oily fish, twice a week (Kris-Etherton et al., 2002). Patients with documented coronary heart disease should consume dietary supplementation of at least 1 g EPA and DHA per day. Long-chain omega-3 PUFAs derived from fish and fish oils have beneficial effects in people with pre-existing cardiovascular heart disease. One serving of fish per week may decrease the risk of mortality in heart failure by...

Pregnancy and Lactation

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has established guidelines for exercise during pregnancy. The general consensus is that women in good health may continue (or start) exercising during pregnancy. However, each woman should there are some contraindications to exercising during pregnancy. Proper nutrition and routine exercise during pregnancy is important for your health and the health of your baby. Table 15-1 outlines general nutrition and exercise guidelines that you should follow during pregnancy. The exercise guidelines have been adapted from ACOG's exercise guidelines.

Hyaline Replacement Amyloid of Islets of Langerhans

With the advent of periodic dialysis, patients with chronic renal failure can be maintained in relatively good health over long periods of time. It is well known that these patients often develop infectious disease, pathological fractures of the bone, renal neoplasm, disturbance of lipid metabolism and entrapment neuropathy, as complications.

Translational Research

The White House and Congress have heralded the fact that the NIH budget was doubled to 27.3 billion in the five-year period ending in fiscal 2003. Nevertheless, the benefits of basic and clinical research supported by the NIH will not be realized if there is little or no grant support for translational research. Neither the pharmaceutical industry nor health care practitioners are well positioned to perform this research. A national commitment to improving health outcomes cannot end at the clinical research phase. Substantial new resources must be committed to translational research.

Other Treatments For Hypertension

The disappointing results of some hypertensive therapies have caused doubts about traditional approaches to management of hypertension.36 Rates of successful blood pressure control remain low among treated patients.4 Only 47 of patients with hypertension achieve optimal blood pressures below 140 90 mmHg.37 Hypertension treatments that will help patients establish healthy lifestyle changes and have fewer and less severe side effects would probably lead to more optimum results and higher rates of patient compliance with treatment programs. In fact, the most common reason patients seek complementary alternative medicine (CAM) is dissatisfaction with the ability of conventional medicine to treat chronic diseases. Interestingly, those most likely to utilize CAM have higher educational levels, poorer health, and holistic philosophies.38 Herbs are used worldwide to treat a number of ailments alternatively. Herbs have been used as medical treatments since the beginning of time.35 Gingko...

Passive Aggressive Personality Disorder Dsmivtr Appendix B

As noted throughout this book, many of the stressors that often accompany aging such as physical illness or disability, reduced independence, sensory and cognitive declines, changes in physical appearance, social losses, and financial pressures, frequently serve to exacerbate underlying personality disorder features and traits. The Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder is probably among the most likely of the personality disorders to become more apparent during the aging process, as the loss of autonomy that often accompanies aging heightens the ambivalence that fuels passive-aggressive traits. Given a far-from-perfect health care system, it seems probable that those who have a history of trouble dealing with external authority figures will have additional problems as they age and become increasing more reliant on those systems.

Hypothalamo Pituitary Disconnection and Surgical Ablation

Melatonin Receptor

The hypothalamo-pituitary disconnection (HPD) Soay sheep model in which the pituitary gland is surgically separated from the hypothalamus has been used to further investigate the potential sites of action of melatonin in the regulation of seasonality (35). The surgical procedure involves visualising the stalk region of the pituitary gland via a paramedial, transnasal, transphenoidal approach, entering the median eminence above the pituitary portal vasculature, and evacuating the neural tissue from the tuberal cinereum (12 Figure 4). This permanently destroys the terminal fields of the median eminence and much of the arcuate nucleus region of the hypothalamus, but spares the lateral and more rostral regions of the hypothalamus and the preoptic area. It also permits the survival of the majority of the pituitary gland including the pars tuberalis which continues to express a high concentration of melatonin receptors (69). To limit reconnection of neural tissue a small piece of aluminium...

Mistletoe as a Remedy

In 1731, the physician and botanist Jacobus Theodorus Tabernaemontanus reported in a collection of herbal remedies that mistletoe never touching the ground is used for childhood epilepsy, when applied as a pulverised drug, or even by wearing it as a silver-amulet. Mistletoe was also applied for deworming children, to treat labour-pains, gout, and affections of lung and liver (Tabernaemontanus, 1731). However, when applied in wine, mistletoe was used to treat leprosy. When applied as a plaster, mistletoe was suggested to be beneficial in the treatment of mumps and fractures, while the binding of their leaves to the palms and sole will heal hepatitis (Tabernaemontanus, 1731).

The Food Guide Pyramid

Following this program can add needed vitamins and minerals to your daily food intake cut your risk of heart disease, cancer and digestive diseases help control cholesterol prevent constipation and can help manage your body weight and percent body fat. Additionally, many fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants (see Glossary) and other nutrients that can be beneficial to your health. Some ideas to incorporate more fruits and vegetables in your diet can be found in Appendix A.

Relative Frequencies Of Drugs Implicated

Others etretinate, glipizide, herbal remedies, ranitidine Aspirin, diclofenac, halothane, herbal medicine (germander), isoniazide, methotrexate, methyldopa, nitrofurantoin, papaverine, vitamin A al, 1996 Ostapowicz et al, 1999 Lucena et al, 2001). As the relatively high-risk agents have been replaced, relatively rare reactions to commonly prescribed low-risk agents have become the most important cause of hepatotoxicity. In the last few years, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as diclofenac and sulindac, antimicrobials such as co-amoxiclav, flucloxacillin and erythromycin, and H2 antagonists have become important causes of hepatotoxicity (Pil-lans, 1996 Lucena et al., 2001). In addition, hepatotoxicity due to substances that were previously thought to have little toxicity, such as Ecstasy (recreational amphetamine) and herbal remedies, are being increasingly recognised (Lar-rey, 1997 Andreu et al., 1998). A brief list of the drugs which are important causes of...

Preface to the First Edition

Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.), who used many of the herbal medicines described in this book, lamented, Life is short, and the art long the occasion fleeting experience fallacious and judgment difficult. Herbal remedies have become a major component of American health care. Botanicals like ginseng, ma huang, St. John's wort, and valerian are now household words throughout the world, and the sales of herbal medicine are increasing exponentially. Alternative therapies include acupuncture, energy healing, folk medicines, herbal medicines, homeopathy, massage, and megavitamins, to name only a few. Millions of people in the third world have used and will always use herbal medicines because they believe in them and regard them as their medicine, in contrast to the allopathic (conventional Western) system of medicine brought in from outside. These medicinal herbs are available locally and are prescribed by traditional practitioners of medicine who are part of the community and in whose presence...

Arteriovenous Malformations

Case 4 A 65-year-old female presented with sudden headache, confusion and trace right-sided weakness. a An urgent axial head CT scan revealed a left-sided parietal hyperdensity. b An axial T1-weighted non-contrast MRI through the area of abnormality revealed a 2-cm cavernous malformation with areas of hemorrhage of various chronicity. An acute intraparenchymal bleed was noted anterior to the lesion. The woman was brought to the operating room and the lesion was removed. c A postoperative axial Tl-weighted non-contrast MRI confirmed the successful resection of her cavernous malformation. With a brief period of rehabilitation, the patient returned to her usual state of good health. Fig. 20.4. Case 4 A 65-year-old female presented with sudden headache, confusion and trace right-sided weakness. a An urgent axial head CT scan revealed a left-sided parietal hyperdensity. b An axial T1-weighted non-contrast MRI through the area of abnormality revealed a 2-cm cavernous malformation...

Semen loss syndrome shenkuei dhat jiryan sukra prameha

Known in the traditional medicine of China as shen-k'uei ('weakness of kidneys'), in the Ayurvedic medicine of India as dhat (from the Sanskrit dhatu, essential body substance) or jiryan, and in Sri Lanka as sukra prameha, 'semen loss' is not an uncommon complaint among young men of these countries where a high premium is placed on reproductive capability and semen is considered a most precious elixir of life. The presented symptoms have a hypochondriac quality they usually include general weakness, lack of energy and concentration, impaired sexual functions, and vague somatic troubles, all associated with an anxious and dysphoric mood state and typically attributed to the imagined loss of sperm in urine or to natural nocturnal emissions. (1.Z> Many of these patients consult practitioners of traditional medicine as well as medical doctors as immigrants they are also increasingly seen in European and North American clinics. (ICD-10, F48.8 DSM-IV, 300.81)

Navy Physical Readiness

The word diet implies that you are going on something to come off at a later time. A diet also implies that you are restricted from doing something, which usually leaves you feeling deprived. This is the main reason people on diets fail at weight loss. Unfortunately, losing weight does not mean it will stay off. Many people lose weight, but find it more difficult to keep if off. A healthy diet and regular exercise as part of your lifestyle will lead to and maintain a healthier you. This is the key. Keeping weight off is a lifestyle change. Although water consumption is not included on your food records, this does not mean it isn't important. Water does not contain calories, however it is essential to maintain good health. In fact without water, death occurs within days. Your body is approximately 40-60 water. Water is essential for the process of digestion and absorption of nutrients, and excretion of metabolic wastes. Water plays a direct role in the regulation of body temperature,...

Using Combinations Of Polysaccharides

Combinations of herbs are of course used in Chinese herbal medicine, and most Chinese formulas intended for immune stimulation (or qi stimulation) contain poly-saccharide-rich herbs. For the interested reader, we mention two historic Chinese herbal formulas as examples. These formulas, Shi Quan Da Bu Tang and Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang, contain combinations of both poly-saccharide- and saponin-rich herbs (see Table H.2 in Appendix H for ingredients). Each formula is put to a slightly different use in Chinese herbal medicine, but both produce effects on the immune system.

Personality and health

Personality variables can influence health in a variety of ways, and a broad distinction can be made between those with a positive relation to health and health behaviour and those with an adverse relation. One which has generated empirical research is the concept of hardiness, (1.8) which describes individuals with a high sense of personal control over events in their lives, with a strong sense of commitment or involvement, together with a tendency to see environmental demands or changes as challenges. Hardy individuals are thought to be less affected by stress there is some evidence for this, even though there are problems in measuring hardiness. Another related aspect of personality which has been shown to be health protective is optimism, (19> which describes a tendency towards positive expectations in life and which enables individuals to cope better with stressors and engage in healthier lifestyles.

HaiLu Zhao Peter CY Tong Juliana CN Chan

This review focuses on the efficacy and safety of Chinese medicine in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. Included were 84 controlled clinical studies of type-2 diabetes treated with Chinese medicine for at least 1 month. Reported outcomes were symptom relief improvement in glycemia, insulin resistance and secondary failure, and adverse events. Symptom relief was achieved in most (> 80 ) of the patients receiving Chinese medicine. Compared with orthodox drugs, Chinese medicine had a 1.2-fold (95 CI 1.2-1.3) increase in symptom relief. The relative risk of achieving a fasting blood glucose of < 7.3mmol l or a postprandial blood glucose of < 8.2mmol l was 3.0 (95 CI 1.4-6.5) for Chinese medicine plus diet versus diet 2.0 (95 CI 1.4-3.0) for Chinese medicine versus placebo 1.8 (95 CI 1.4-2.3) for combined Chinese medicine and orthodox drugs versus Yuquan Wan (a classic Chinese herbal formula for diabetes), 1.5 (95 CI 1.4-1.7) for combined Chinese medicine and orthodox drugs vs....

Historical characteristics of wound dressing fibers and wound healing

Through the ages, both vegetable and animal fibers have been applied to human wounds to stop bleeding, absorb exudate, alleviate pain and provide a protective barrier for the formation of new tissue. Some milestones of wound dressing development down through the ages are summarized in Figure 2.1. Early humankind employed many different materials from the natural surroundings including resin-treated cloth, leaves, and wool-based materials with a variety of substances including eggs and honey. Some of these ancient remedies were probably more than palliative treatments. For example, the antibacterial activity of honey in the treatment of wounds has been established 1 , and honey is now being reconsidered as a dressing when antibiotic-resistant strains prevent successful antibiotic therapy. Recent studies suggest that honey may promote wound healing through stimulation of inflammatory cytokines from monocytic cells 2 . Leaves of chromolaena odorata, a weed found in crops in countries of...

Bioactive Dietary Components

Cancer-preventive properties of the macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein, fat, and fiber) and micronutrient (vitamin and mineral) components of diets have been the object of study for a number of years, and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) has sponsored a number of human intervention trials with individual vitamins and minerals.10 More recently, however, research efforts have extended to the non-nutritive phytochemicals. The NCI has determined that more than 35 plant-based foods and 1000 individual phytochemicals possess cancer-preventive activity in cell culture and animal models.7 Well-studied food sources and representative phytochemicals include garlic (diallyl sulfide), soybeans (genistein), turmeric (curcumin), tomatoes (lycopene), grapes (resveratrol), green tea (epigallocatechin-3-gallate EGCG ), and cruciferous vegetables (such as broccoli, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts indole-3-carbinol, sulforaphane).7 However, the repertoire of chemopreventive phytochemicals is vast,...

Medicationinduced Injection Site Reactions

Recent studies have shown that disease modifying therapies alter the natural course of MS and slow the progression of disability. These medications are injectable either sub-cutaneously or intramuscularly. So while it is important to stay on treatment for as long as your health provider recommends it, it is important to take care of your skin. Some people who are using disease modifying therapies such as interferon beta-1b (Betaseron ), interferon beta-1a (Avonex , Rebif ), and glatiramer acetate (Copaxone ), experience discomfort during the injection or a site reaction after the injection. This reaction may be as mild as redness or as severe as an infection. maintain skin integrity. If you are just starting a self-injectable medication, ask your health provider for clear instructions and demonstrations on how to administer your injection. If your drug is administered subcutaneously (just under the skin into the fat layer between the skin and the muscle), gently cleanse the injection...

Contemporary concepts

This idea is in tune with the continuum of psychopathology ( Table 10), in which fixation or regression to infantile narcissistic goals is an important feature of all personality disorders that include narcissistic traits or narcissism as a defensive reaction. Narcissism, in its normal sublimated form, is necessary for the self-esteem essential for a healthy life and a capacity for deep object relations.

Monitoring supplementation

When you are feeling well on a regimen of vitamins, minerals, and other supplements, you still should consider having some methodical follow-up by a well-qualified health care practitioner, utilizing routine blood, hair, and urine testing. Generally, if things are getting gradually out of balance, such testing can warn you before any clinical decline takes place. Clinical decline does not usually take place overnight, and a thorough review of regularly obtained tests will usually reveal a gradual deterioration of blood, hair, and urine chemistries before new symptoms develop or old symptoms recur. Practice preventive medicine. Having regular follow-ups is one of the best ways to maintain your good health. Many people are frightened at how quickly a friend or family member can be struck down while in seemingly good health. This type of follow-up could prevent many of these tragedies, since telltale signs usually appear well before this sudden loss of health. and you should attempt to...

Gbd Studies And Their Key Results

Many conditions including neuropsychiatric disorders and injuries cause considerable ill-health but no or few direct deaths. Therefore separate measures of survival and of health status among survivors needed to be combined to provide a single, holistic measure of overall population health. To assess the burden of disease, the 1990 GBD study used a time-based metric that measures both premature mortality (years of life lost because of premature mortality or YLL) and disability (years of healthy life lost as a result of disability or YLD, weighted by the severity of the disability). The sum of these two components, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), provides a measure of the future stream of healthy life (years expected to be lived in full health) lost as a result of the incidence of specific diseases and injuries (2). One DALY can be thought of as one lost year of healthy life and the burden of disease as a measure of the gap between current health status and an ideal situation...

Cholesterol And Heart Disease

Furthermore, this net lack of survival benefit from cholesterol-lowering drugs does not even take into account any of the side effects of taking such medication. Lazarou et al. published a study that showed that in the United States in 1994, adverse drug reactions were the sixth-leading cause of death.2 The data did not even include another 2.2 million patients who were seriously injured by their prescription medications. Also not included was the fact that roughly equal numbers of patients died or were seriously injured due to errors of their health care providers. But don't avoid seeing your doctor. Just know that no treatment program comes without cutting both ways. Be an active partner with your health care practitioner in whatever therapies that you take or undergo.

Cumulative Immune System Suppression

For the devastating damage that it causes. Other biological systems will typically demonstrate a gradual erosion of function over time. Not the immune system, however. Even if certain aspects of the immune system do gradually become compromised from prolonged toxic exposure, the intact organism, in this case the human, will usually compensate in a variety of different ways. This gives the distinct impression that good health is very suddenly and dramatically replaced with a new disease process. The patient literally seems to fall off the cliff rather than to gradually stumble down the hill.

Types and functions of traditional practitioners

Medicine men and medicine women are believed to be empowered by supernatural or ancestral forces with which they engage in verbal and non-verbal, ritual-symbolic therapeutic activities. They often also use herbal remedies, physical and physiotherapeutic applications which have relaxing and tranquillizing effects even on psychotic patients.(3,)

The Importance Of Cholesterol In The Diet

Bioavailability of these nutrients is also critical. Many vegetarian diets feature tempeh and miso, two soy-based foods. Although vitamin B12 is present in these foods, it is not present in as readily absorbable a form as it is in a number of animal-based foods. It is not enough for some nutrients to just be present in the foods you eat. And it is not enough for a substance felt to be nutritious to just be highly absorbable. Real nutrients must be present in the proper bioavailable form before they are absorbed in the gut and then distributed throughout the body. The concept of bioavailability versus mere absorbability is addressed in greater detail in chapter 8. Just looking at the labeled vitamin and mineral content of a food can be misleading when determining whether you are really meeting your body's daily nutrient needs. Meat and vegetables must complement each other, not exclude each other. As you might be suspecting by now, staying healthy is unfortunately not a simple matter...

Minerals a maze of confusion

While all vitamins and minerals have not had specific blood transport proteins identified for them, variations in how different foods are digested also help to determine how a nutrient is released into the blood to find its target tissues. Many digestive processes deliver vitamin and mineral nutrients into the blood very slowly and in association with other food molecules absorbed at the same time. Never be fooled into thinking that any supplement that is easily absorbed is also a supplement that must be bioavailable as well. Remember that Mother Nature never intended for you to eat a rock, whether it is packaged as an easily swallowable pill or not. As we shall see later, such a supplement is actually toxic, further separating you from the good health that you are trying to attain. You would hope that taking any commercially produced supplement would do at least some good for you, but this is not necessarily the case. Another reason why the concept of bioavailability is different...

Three Day Menu with Proper Food Combining Principles

When considering how you want to eat, you must first determine whether you want to lose weight. If so, you must identify and minimize the eating of foods with glycemic index scores greater than about 60 (see Appendix I). Regardless of the glycemic index of the foods you eat, they should always be eaten in a properly combined fashion to optimize their benefits to your health. Proper food combining will also help you to achieve and maintain optimal weight.

What is Physical Fitness

Lowers stress, increases metabolism, promotes health, prevents disease. Lowers stress, increases metabolism, promotes health, prevents disease. Increases muscle and heart and lung fitness, leads to a healthy body composition, improves flexibility. Most Navy personnel are in this category. Increases muscle and heart and lung fitness, leads to a healthy body composition, improves flexibility. Most Navy personnel are in this category.

Treating Overweight Pre Adolescents

The goal for treating the overweight pre-adolescent is weight maintenance over time, not weight loss. The pediatric BMI chart guides the physician as to a healthy weight and height for a particular age. Plotting the child's BMI on the pediatric BMI chart identifies how serious the child's excess weight condition is compared to peers and provides guidance regarding a healthy weight for the future. An elevated BMI above the 85th percentile should encourage the parents, at the physician's suggestion, to implement health behavior changes within the family to improve everyone's dietary and physical activity choices. The physician can provide handouts and website information to educate parents (Table 5.1). The websites are interactive for both the child and the parents, which makes improving health fun for everyone in the family. The pediatric BMI chart provides guidance and encouragement. The physician monitors the child's progress on a periodic basis when the child is seen in the clinic...

Principles Of Public Health

Public health is the science and art of disease prevention, prolonging life and promoting health and well-being through organized community effort for the sanitation of the environment, the control of communicable diseases, the organization of medical and nursing services for the early diagnosis and prevention of disease, the education of the individual in personal health and the development of the social machinery to ensure for everyone a standard of living adequate for the maintenance or improvement of health (1). The goal of public health is to fulfil every society's ambition to create conditions in which all people can be healthy. Public health addresses the health of the population as a whole rather than the treatment of individuals. WHO defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (2). Healthy people in healthy communities is the ultimate goal of all public health interventions, which are aimed at...

Vocabulary

Biology, the study of life, directly applies to your health, life, and future in ways as simple as daily food choices. By studying biology you can make informed decisions on issues that impact you and our society. Every day newspapers, television, and the Internet contain issues that relate to biology. For example, you may read that your local water or air supply is polluted. How will that pollution affect your health and the health of other living things You may hear about new technologies or tools that biologists have invented. How will we control how those technologies and tools are used Biologists actively work to solve these and other real-world issues and problems, including improving our food supply, curing diseases and preserving our environment.

Principles

Many distinctions can be made between the practice of public health and that of clinical neurology. Public health professionals approach neurology more broadly than neurologists by monitoring neurological disorders and related health concerns of entire communities and promoting healthy practices and behaviours among them to ensure that populations stay healthy. Public health specialists focus on health and disease of entire populations rather than on individual patients, whereas neurologists usually