Craniofacial surgery is an integral part of the practice of the pediatric neurosurgeon and requires a truly interdisciplinary approach to the problems encountered. The principles of treatment involve a consideration of the normal growth of the structures involved and anticipation of staged procedures if required. Congenital skull-base anomalies are complex problems to treat and careful preoperative planning and preparation will reduce the risk of complications and improve outcome.

Suggested Readings

1. American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Infant Positioning and SIDS: Positioning and SIDS. Pediatrics 1992; 89:1120-1126.

2. Huang MH, Gruss JS, Clarren SK et al. The differential diagnosis of posterior plagiocephaly: true lambdoid synostosis versus positional posterior molding. Plast Reconstr Surg 1996; 98:765-774; discussion 775-776.

3. Katzen JT, Jarrahy R, Eby JB et al. Craniofacial and skull base trauma. Trauma 2003; 54:1026-34.

4. Lajeunie E, Catala M, Renier D. Craniosynostosis: from a clinical description to an understanding of bone formation of the skull. Childs Nerv Syst 1999; 15:676-80.

5. McLone DG, ed. Pediatric Neurosurgery: Surgery of the Developing Nervous System, 4th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 2001:chapters 27-32.

6. Panchal J, Uttchin V. Management of craniosynostosis. Plast Reconstr Surg 2003; 111:2032-48.

7. Wilkie AO, Patey SJ, Kan SH et al. FGFs, their receptors, and human limb malformations: clinical and molecular correlations. Am J Med Genet 2002; 112:266-78.

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