Anesthetic Considerations

in Pediatric Neurosurgery 199

Aisling Conran

Preoperative Evaluation 199

Induction 200

Intubation 204

Intraoperative Concerns 205

Intraoperative Complications 209

Postoperative Care 209

12. Cerebrovascular Diseases 211

John Ruge and Christopher Neumann

Arteriovenous Malformations 211

Cavernous Malformations 213

Vein of Galen Malformations 214

Moyamoya 218

Pediatric Cerebral Aneurysms 221

13. Neurosurgical Infections 226

Ronda Oram

Cerebrospinal Fluid Infections 226

Focal Infections of the Central Nervous System 228

Vertebral Osteomyelitis 234

Post-Traumatic Meningitis 234

Recurrent Nontraumatic Meningitis 235

Surgical Site Infections 236

14. Bedside Procedures 238

Bakhtiar Yamini and Nalin Gupta

Lumbar Puncture 238

Ventricular Tap 240

Subdural Tap 241

Ventriculostomy 242

Intraparenchymal Pressure Monitor 245

Ventricular Access Device 246

CSF Shunt Externalization 246

Ventricular Shunt Tap 247

Index 249

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