We wish to thank Dr. Landes and the staff of Landes Bioscience for inviting us to participate in this project. And, of course, for their support and enduring patience.

Chapter 1

Clinical Assessment of the Newborn, Infant and Older Child

Nalin Gupta and Heather J. Fullerton Introduction

While the adult neurological examination can be applied to young children and adolescents, the evaluation of a newborn or infant must be tailored to the specific developmental stage of the patient. A quick assessment of an infant's acquisition of developmental milestones provides critical insight into that child's motor and cognitive functions (Tables 1 and 2). For premature infants, developmental progress is accompanied by the acquisition of basic motor postures and responses that should be documented as part of the routine physical examination.

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