Diabetes is of two types, or so the textbooks say. Type-1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder of childhood, characterized by acute onset, ketoacido-sis and insulin dependency. Type 2 is a metabolic disorder of middle life, slow in onset and non-insulin-dependent.
Once again, the definitions of diabetes need urgent revision. Nowadays, more than half of patients with type-1 diabetes present in adulthood , when their onset is slow and many neither develop acidosis nor require insulin for many years. Type-2 diabetes occurs in teenagers , sometimes with ketoacidosis , and insulin dependency frequently ensues given time. Clinically, there is little other than tempo to distinguish two types of diabetes.
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Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...