Subject Index

Halki Diabetes Remedy

Diabetes Food List

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Acarbose, diabetes prevention trials 32,

33, 40-42 Accelerator hypothesis accelerators beta cell autoimmunity 140, 141,

147, 150, 151 insulin resistance 140, 142-144, 150 obesity 145-148 diabetes risk and susceptibility 144 epidemiology of diabetes 144-146 overview 139-141 pathophysiology of diabetes type-1 141, 142, 150, 151 type-2 142, 150, 151 Adiponectin, gestational diabetes mellitus pathophysiology 161 Alcohol, dietary guidelines 215, 216 Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), diabetes prevention trials with inhibitors and receptor antagonists 35, 36

Antioxidants, see also specific antioxidants diet considerations 124, 125 dietary guidelines 216 intervention trials in diabetes

114-118, 124 observational studies in diabetes 109-114

oxidative stress and hyperglycemia 108, 109

postprandial glycemia and suppression in serum 51 recommendations 119, 120 supplementation pros and cons 118, 119

Bariatric surgery costs 40

diabetes prevention trials 34, 35, 40 effects on hypertension 10 energy economy in patients 135, 136 Beta cell apoptosis, accelerator hypothesis 140, 141, 147, 150, 151 Body mass index, see Obesity

Celiac disease, type-1 diabetes association 152 Cortisol, adipose tissue production 8

Diet, see also Glycemic index; Meal replacement drinks; Obesity; Weight loss antioxidants 124, 125

breakfast effect on body weight 194

diabetes prevention trials 99, 100,

103, 104, 216 exercise interactions with meals 194, 195

fiber effects 100 guidelines for diabetics alcohol 215, 216

Diet (continued)

guidelines for diabetics (continued) American Diabetes Association 98,

99, 208, 209, 213-215 American Heart Association 99 Chinese Ministry of Health 99 energy balance and weight loss 210, 211

European Association for the Study of Diabetes 99, 208, 209 fatty acids 104 goals 209, 210 macronutrients 211-215 mortality studies 99 popular weight loss diets 101, 104, 105 salt intake 105

very low calorie diets 174, 175 Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DDP4), inhibitors in gestational diabetes mellitus management 167 Dyslipidemia, see Low-density lipoprotein; Triglycerides Dysmetabolic syndrome, see Metabolic syndrome

Exercise, see also Lifestyle modification children 194 diabetes type-2

exercise testing and prescription 189

intensity and modes of physical activity 187, 188, 193 management 187 metabolism effects 187 safety 189, 190 duration versus intensity 195 gestational diabetes mellitus management 162, 166-168 meal interactions 194, 195 obesity exercise prescription 194 prevention 186 treatment 186 weight loss goals 195

maintenance 187, 193 mechanisms 192 physical activity increase strategies

188, 189, 193 physical inactivity and diabetes risks 183, 184

Fat dietary guidelines 213, 215 limiting in diet 71, 105 Fiber dietary fiber hypothesis 43, 44 effects in diet 100 Free fatty acids (FFAs) low glycemic index food effects 46, 47 metabolic syndrome levels 5-7, 10-12 Fructose corn syrup production 84, 85 diet responses in diabetics 85-87 food sources 84, 85 glycemic index 85 metabolism 84

obesity relationship 88-90, 92, 93, 101 rat studies 94, 95 sex differences in response 92, 93 sweetness 84

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) definition 155

generational effects 167, 168 incidence trends 156, 165, 166 macrosomia prevalence 168 maternal nutrition and fetal growth effects of obesity insulin resistance 157 nutrient delivery 157, 159 pathophysiology adipocyte factors 161 placental factors 159, 160 screening 155, 156 treatment dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors 167

exercise 162, 166-168 glyburide 163, 166 goals 161

insulin therapy 162, 163 medical nutrition therapy 161, 162, 166

metformin 163, 164 rationale 161 GlucorĀ®, mechanism and prescription 76

a-Glucosidase inhibitors, see GlucorĀ® Glutathione, status in diabetes 122, 123 Glyburide, gestational diabetes mellitus management 163, 166 Glycemic control antioxidant supplementation 51

importance in complication prevention 50, 51 traditional Chinese medicine trials 20, 21

Glycemic index (GI) classification 54, 58, 59 definition 57, 58 dietary fiber hypothesis 43, 44 dietary recommendation utilization

213, 214 energy expenditure effects 54 examples of foods 59, 85, 86 food company labeling 64, 65, 71 fructose 85 limitations 45, 59-61 low glycemic food effects blood lipid response 55, 56, 61, 74

clinical effects 48, 49, 54 clinical recommendations 77, 78, 80, 81

epidemiological evidence for health effects 49, 62, 100 free fatty acid response 46, 47 glucose absorption 45, 46, 55, 74 HbA1c response 61, 62, 71 weight loss studies 63, 64, 69, 70 measurement of food response 44, 45, 53

HbA1c, low glycemic index food effects 61, 62, 71

Herbal therapy, see Traditional Chinese medicine

Hormone replacement therapy, diabetes prevention trials 36, 37

Hypertension bariatric surgery effects 10 metabolic syndrome 12

Insulin resistance accelerator hypothesis 140, 150 body mass index and risks 145-148 diabetes treatment implications

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5 Ways To Get Rid Of The Baby Fat

5 Ways To Get Rid Of The Baby Fat

Many women who have recently given birth are always interested in attempting to lose some of that extra weight that traditionally accompanies having a baby. What many of these women do not entirely realize is the fact that breast-feeding can not only help provide the baby with essential vitamins and nutrients, but can also help in the weight-loss process.

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