Risk to health care workers

2 types of injury—sharps injury where intact skin is breached by sharp object contaminated with blood/blood-stained body fluids or unfixed tissue, and contamination injury where blood/blood-stained body fluid comes into contact with mucous membranes or non-intact skin. HBV and HIV are the 2 major concerns. All health care workers should be vaccinated against HBV. Risk of contracting HIV from percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood is ~0.3%. The amount of blood injected and a high viral load in the patient's blood increase the risk.

0 0

Post a comment