Types of Laryngeal Injuries

• endolaryngeal tears, edema, and hematomas

• arytenoid cartilage subluxation (dislocation): presents as a fixed cord

• cricoarytenoid joint injuries: may damage recurrent laryngeal nerve

• cricoid fractures: high risk of airway compromise and injury to recurrent laryngeal nerve

• hyoid bone fractures: may risk airway compromise

• cornus of thyroid cartilage may lacerate pharyngeal mucosa

• Cricotracheal Separation: trachea tends to retract substernally and the larynx tends to migrate superiorly, high mortality, risk of "clothesline" injuries, may have bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis

• Pharyngoesophageal Tears

• Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury

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