Fungal Infections

Fungal infections of the larynx are very rare, but may be expected to arise, though not exclusively, in immuno-compromised patients. Mycotic infections tend to occur as a result of the dissemination of the fungi, especially from the bronchopulmonary foci. An important exception is laryngeal candidiasis, which usually occurs as a result of direct spread from the oral cavity [280]. Different types of mycotic infections have been reported, such as laryngeal histoplasmosis [302, 319], cryptococcosis [171, 236], coccidioidomycosis [41], blastomycosis [89, 307], candidiasis [280], paracoccidioidomycosis [317] and aspergillosis [272, 310]. The histological features are similar for each of these infections and range from granulomatous lesions related to histoplasma and cryptoccocus, to abscess formation in blastomycosis and aspergillosis [291]. Pronounced epithelial hyper-plasia with prominent ortho-parakeratosis or pseudo-epitheliomatous hyperplasia in laryngeal blastomycosis, candidiasis and aspergillosis may mimic the squamous cell and verrucous cell carcinoma [272, 280, 307]. The identification of the causal agents by special silver, PAS or mucicarmine stains of the biopsy specimens and/or cultures of microorganisms are crucial for successful treatment.

How To Cure Yeast Infection

How To Cure Yeast Infection

Now if this is what you want, you’ve made a great decision to get and read this book. “How To Cure Yeast Infection” is a practical book that will open your eyes to the facts about yeast infection and educate you on how you can calmly test (diagnose) and treat yeast infection at home.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment