In the Mediterranean, where the prevalence of coronary heart disease is lower, the typical diet is high in monounsaturated fatty acids (54). The beneficial effects of monounsaturated fats include the fact that they are more resistant to lipid peroxidation and increased MUFA intakes have also been associated with lower daytime blood pressures. There have been studies in both diabetic and non-diabetic populations which show falls in total cholesterol with no changes in HDL levels or triglyceride levels. The choice of MUFA as the prime source of dietary fat is therefore recommended.
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