dietary intake of phosphorus for HD and PD dialysis patients is approximately 17mg/kg/day. The removal of phosphate during dialysis is limited due to the high distribution volume for phosphate and the rapid rebound of serum phosphate following dialysis. Hyperphosphataemia is common and dietary restriction of dairy products, bony fish and offal meats combined with the use of phosphate buffers remains the best means of minimising hyper-phosphataemia. Medical and dietary treatment of hyperphosphataemia is aimed at keeping the parathyroid hormone level within two to three times the upper limit of the normal range and the alkaline phosphatase and calcium concentrations within the normal range.
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Many women who have recently given birth are always interested in attempting to lose some of that extra weight that traditionally accompanies having a baby. What many of these women do not entirely realize is the fact that breast-feeding can not only help provide the baby with essential vitamins and nutrients, but can also help in the weight-loss process.