Unknown Bear of Alaska.
Etymology: Eskimo-Aleut word. Variant name: Qoqogiaq. Physical description: White bear. Head, 5 feet wide. Ten legs.
Behavior: Drags kayaks under water. Lies on its back and waves its legs in the air.
Distribution: Cape Prince of Wales to Point Barrow, Alaska.
Significant sighting: A party of Inuit hunters traveling eastward from Point Barrow, Alaska, in the fall of 1913 heard a Qoqogaq swimming under the ice beneath their sleds. It poked its head through the ice when one of them coughed.
Source: Diamond Jenness, "Stray Notes on the Eskimo of Arctic Alaska," Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 1, no. 2 (May
A type of zebra (Hoofed Mammal) in South Africa, presumed extinct in the wild since the mid-nineteenth century.
Etymology: Nama (Khoisan) word. Scientific name: Equus quagga, given by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1788.
Physical description: Brownish or yellowish ground color. Zebralike brown stripes only on the head, neck, and shoulders. Striping varies from full length to half length. Behavior: Grazes in large herds. Distribution: Formerly ranged from the Great Karoo in Western Cape Province, north to the Vaal River in Free State Province, South Africa. Possibly extended into Great Namaqualand, Namibia.
Significant sighting: Bernard Heuvelmans mentions occasional Quagga sightings in the Namibian Desert.
Present status: The last known Quagga died at the Amsterdam Zoo on August 12, 1883. Recent DNA analysis of a museum specimen indicates that it was almost certainly a variant of the Common or Burchell's zebra (Equus burchelli). The South African Museum's Quagga Project has been attempting since 1986 to bring the animal back through selective breeding.
Sources: Bernard Heuvelmans, "Annotated Checklist of Apparently Unknown Animals with Which Cryptozoology Is Concerned," Cryptozoology 5 (1986): 1-26; March Turnbull, "Back from the Dead?" Africa Environment and Wildlife 9 (April 2001): 30-37; Scott Weidensaul, The Ghost with Trembling Wings (New York: North Point Press, 2002), pp. 208-212.
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